OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 143 taxa in the family Liliaceae, Lily family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

                       

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camera icon Common Name: Garden Asparagus, Sparrowgrass

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Asparagus officinalis   FAMILY: Asparagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Asparagus officinalis   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Asparagus officinalis 041-01-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Commonly cultivated, commonly escaped to fencerows, roadsides, disturbed areas

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Sprenger’s Asparagus-fern, Emerald-fern

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Asparagus aethiopicus   FAMILY: Asparagaceae

(?) PLANTS National Database: Asparagus aethiopicus   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Disturbed areas, seeding down especially around plantings, especially commonly planted in coastal areas; sometimes epiphytic in palm boots

Non-native: southern Africa

 


drawing of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine need picture of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine need picture Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine need picture of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine need picture of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine
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speaker icon Common Name: Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pseudochina   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pseudochina   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax tamnifolia 041-02-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Pocosins, swamp forests, edges of pine savannas

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Midwestern Carrionflower

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax lasioneura   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax lasioneura   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

 

Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, hammocks, bluff forests, pine-oak hickory submesic forests and woodlands, rich beech-magnolia forests on lower slopes, perhaps only over mafic or calcareous rocks

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Carrionflower, Smooth Carrionflower

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax herbacea   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax herbacea   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax herbacea var. herbacea 041-02-002a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist deciduous forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Downy Carrionflower

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pulverulenta   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pulverulenta   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax herbacea var. pulverulenta 041-02-002b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist to dry deciduous forests, especially over mafic or calcareous rocks

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Biltmore Carrionflower

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax ecirrhata var. biltmoreana 041-02-003a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Dry forests (such as dry pine ridges and chestnut oak forests) and moist forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Huger's Carrionflower

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax hugeri   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax hugeri   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax ecirrhata var. hugeri 041-02-003b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist deciduous forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: upright carrionflower

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Smilax ecirrata   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) PLANTS National Database: Smilax ecirrhata   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

 

Habitat: Forests

Native north and west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax rotundifolia 041-02-004   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Dry-mesic to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, swamps, pond margins, bluffs, flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax bona-nox 041-02-005   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Dry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier need picture of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier need picture Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier need picture of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier need picture of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier
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Common Name: Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax bona-nox 041-02-005?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Dunes, maritime thickets, maritime forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot, Chaneyroot

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Smilax hispida var. hispida   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Smilax tamnoides   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax hispida 041-02-006   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Bottomland, riparian, and mesic upland forests, especially along brownwater rivers, and in other situations with relatively high pH and nutrients

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Whiteleaf Greenbrier, Wild Sarsaparilla, Sawbrier

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax glauca   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

(?) PLANTS National Database: Smilax glauca   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax glauca 041-02-007   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Dry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides; uncommon in wetlands

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Coral Greenbrier, Red-berried Swamp Smilax

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax walteri   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax walteri   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax walteri 041-02-008   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Swamp forests, bogs, wooded seeps, often where submersed for at least part of the year

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dune Greenbrier

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax auriculata   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax auriculata   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax auriculata 041-02-009   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Dunes on barrier islands, maritime scrub and thickets, dry sandy openings in maritime forests or sandhills (northward, as in the Carolinas, limited to sites near the coast)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax laurifolia   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax laurifolia   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax laurifolia 041-02-010   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Pocosins, swamp forests, wooded seeps and bogs, swamps, and other wetlands, often with groundwater influence

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax smallii   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax smallii   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax smallii 041-02-011   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Bottomland and riparian forests, upland forests, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, wooded seeps, stream banks, roadsides

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dwarf Smilax, Sarsaparilla-vine

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pumila   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pumila   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax pumila 041-02-012   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Mesic to dryish hammocks and bluffs, sandy forests along streams, northward primarily in maritime-influenced mainland forests

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Ocmulgee Trillium, Oaky Woods Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium delicatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich, mesic, deciduous forests

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Decumbent Trillium, Trailing Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium decumbens   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium decumbens   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist forests

Uncommon in GA, an endemic (should be sought in extreme sw. NC)

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Relict Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium reliquum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium reliquum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich forests on bluffs and ravine slopes

Rare, an endemic

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Little Sweet Betsy, Purple Toadshade

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium cuneatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium cuneatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cuneatum var. cuneatum 041-03-001a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: In rich soils of cove forests, moist slopes, and bottomlands, usually over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant

Common to uncommon, locally abundant (rare in SC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Chattahoochee Trillium, Deceptive Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium decipiens   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium decipiens   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist forests

Uncommon in GA, rare in SC (an endemic)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium need picture of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium need picture Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium need picture of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium need picture of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium
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Common Name: Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium sessile   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium sessile   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich forests

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Underwood's Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium underwoodii   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium underwoodii   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist forests

Uncommon

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Trillium, Yellow Toadshade, Lemon-scented Trillium, Wax Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium luteum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium luteum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cuneatum var. luteum 041-03-001b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist coves over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant in the vicinity of the Great Smokies

Locally abundant in the vicinity of the Great Smokies, uncommon to rare elsewhere. Nearly endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mottled Trillium, Spotted Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium maculatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium maculatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium viride 041-03-002   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich forests and floodplains, over calcareous materials such as coquina limestone ("marl") or on shell middens

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont (an endemic)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Lookout Mountain Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium species 3   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich forests

Rare, endemic to the Lookout Mountain region of nw. GA, se. TN & ne. AL

Native to Georgia

 


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Common Name: Louisiana Trillium, Louisiana Wake-robin

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium ludovicianum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium ludovicianum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Floodplains, streambanks, ravine forests

Native: west of Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pale Yellow Trillium, Faded Trillium, Small Yellow Toadshade, Savannah River Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium discolor   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium discolor   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium discolor 041-03-003   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich cove and bluff forests, restricted to the Savannah River drainage; rare

Uncommon in SC, rare elsewhere (an endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Twisted Trillium, Helicopter Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium stamineum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium stamineum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Floodplains, slopes, especially over limestone

Native: west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Lanceleaf Trillium, Narrowleaf Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium lancifolium   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium lancifolium   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium lanceolatum 041-03-004   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich forests over marble, limestone, and other calcareous substrates, floodplain forests

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Wateree River Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium oostingii   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich bottomland forests

Rare, endemic to SC's Kershaw-Richland counties along Wateree River, apparently

Native to South Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin, Recurved Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium recurvatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium recurvatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich soils over calcareous or mafic rocks

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


drawing of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium need picture of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium need picture Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium need picture of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium need picture of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium
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speaker icon Common Name: Northern Nodding Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium cernuum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium cernuum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cernuum 041-03-005?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist rich woods, seepage edges, damp forests with Fraxinus nigra and Ulmus americana, on mafic or calcareous substrates

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Nodding Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium rugelii   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium rugelii   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cernuum 041-03-005?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich woodlands and forests over mafic or calcareous rocks

Uncommon (rare in NC Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Trillium erectum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Wooded slopes, usually at middle to high elevations

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: White-flowered Red Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium erectum var. album   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Trillium erectum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Wooded slopes, usually at low elevations

Rare overall, but common in and around Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Coves and moist slopes

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Vasey's Trillium, Sweet Trillium, Sweet Beth

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium vaseyi   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium vaseyi   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Cove forests, other rich forests

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain), endemic to Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Amicalola Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Trillium species 2   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich forests

Rare (an endemic)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bent Trillium, Bent White Trillium, Bentstalk Trillium, Drooping Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium flexipes   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium flexipes   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist coves over mafic or calcareous rocks

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweet White Trillium, Confusing Trillium, Jeweled Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium simile   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium simile   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Very rich soils of slopes and coves over mafic or calcareous rocks, often also in or near seepage

Rare, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Catesby's Trillium, Rosy Wake-robin, Bashful Trillium, Rose Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium catesbyi   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium catesbaei   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium catesbaei 041-03-007   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Bottomland forests, mesic slopes, cove forests

Common (uncommon in Mountains, rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large-flowered Trillium, Great White Trillium, White Wake-robin, Showy Wake-robin

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium grandiflorum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium grandiflorum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium grandiflorum 041-03-008   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Rich coves and mesic slopes, also less typically on ridges over "rich" rock types

Common (rare in SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Persistent Trillium, Edna's Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium persistens   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium persistens   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Acidic forests with hemlocks and heaths

Rare, endemic to a portion of Tallulah-Tugaloo river system in nw. SC & ne. GA

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Carolina Least Trillium, Virginia Dwarf Trillium, Aiken Least Trillium

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium pusillum +   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

PLANTS National Database: Trillium pusillum +   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium pusillum 041-03-009   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Painted Trillium, Striped Wake-robin

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillidium undulatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium undulatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium undulatum 041-03-010   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Acidic soils of ridges, slopes, and bog margins, mostly at high elevations and often associated with Rhododendron, Tsuga, Pinus, or Picea

Common in Mountains (rare in SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Indian Cucumber-root

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Medeola virginiana   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Medeola virginiana   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Medeola virginiana 041-04-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist forests, usually with acidic soils

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bluebead-lily, Clinton's Lily, Yellow Clintonia, Yellow Bead Lily

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Clintonia borealis   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Clintonia borealis   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Clintonia borealis 041-05-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Spruce-fir forests, northern hardwood forests, less commonly in red oak forests, cool rocky seepages

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Clintonia umbellulata 041-05-002   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Red oak and other oak forests, mesic to dry ridges and slopes, less commonly in northern hardwood forests, generally at lower elevations than C. borealis, though the two species can co-occur

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: False Solomon's Seal, Eastern Solomon's Plume, May-plume

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Maianthemum racemosum   FAMILY: Ruscaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilacina racemosa 041-06-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist to dry forests

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Starry Solomon's Seal, Starry Solomon's Plume, Starflower

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Maianthemum stellatum   FAMILY: Ruscaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum stellatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Alluvial forests, calcareous fens, seepage swamps

Native north of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley, Wild Lily-of-the-valley

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Maianthemum canadense   FAMILY: Ruscaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum canadense   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Maianthemum canadense 041-07-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist forests, especially at high elevations

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Mandarin, Yellow Fairybells

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Prosartes lanuginosa   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Prosartes lanuginosa   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Disporum lanuginosum 041-08-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Deciduous forests, especially coves

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Nodding Mandarin, Spotted Mandarin

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Prosartes maculata   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Prosartes maculata   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Disporum maculatum 041-08-002   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Nutrient-rich deciduous forests, especially cove forests

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rosy Twisted-stalk, Eastern Rose Mandarin, Eastern Twisted-stalk

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Streptopus lanceolatus var. lanceolatus   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Streptopus lanceolatus var. lanceolatus   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Streptopus roseus 041-09-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist forests at high elevations, especially spruce-fir and northern hardwoods forests

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Clasping Twisted-stalk, White Mandarin, Pagoda-bells

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Streptopus amplexifolius var. amplexifolius   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Streptopus amplexifolius var. amplexifolius   FAMILY: Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Streptopus amplexifolius 041-09-002   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist forests and seepages at high elevations

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hairy Solomon's Seal, Downy Solomon’s Seal

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Polygonatum pubescens   FAMILY: Ruscaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygonatum pubescens   FAMILY: Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Polygonatum pubescens 041-10-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Habitat: Moist forests, especially cove forests, but also in montane oak forests

Common in Mountains

Native to Georgia, North Carolina, & possibly South Carolina

 


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