Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Your search found 139 taxa.

                       

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camera icon Common Name: Garden Asparagus, Sparrowgrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Asparagus officinalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Asparagus officinalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Asparagus officinalis 041-01-001

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Asparagus officinalis


Flowers pendant; pedicels w a conspicuous swollen joint; perianth campanulate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon Common Name: Sprenger’s Asparagus-fern, Emerald-fern
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Asparagus aethiopicus
(?) PLANTS National Database: Asparagus aethiopicus

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Asparagus aethiopicus


Flowers are white or pale pink, very fragrant, small and hardly noticeable, per Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.


range map need picture of flower of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine
speaker icon Common Name: Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pseudochina
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pseudochina
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax tamnifolia 041-02-001

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Nemexia leptanthera

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Nemexia tamnifolia


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Midwestern Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax lasioneura
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax lasioneura

SYNONYMOUS WITH The Biota of North America Program. BONAP (Kartesz, 2015) Smilax lasioneuron

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Smilax herbacea var. lasioneura

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Nemexia lasioneuron


Flowers in axillary umbels, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Carrionflower, Smooth Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax herbacea
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax herbacea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax herbacea var. herbacea 041-02-002a

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Nemexia herbacea


Flowers in axillary umbels, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


range map need picture of flower of Smilax pulverulenta, Downy Carrionflower
speaker icon Common Name: Downy Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pulverulenta
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pulverulenta
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax herbacea var. pulverulenta 041-02-002b

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Nemexia pulverulenta


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Biltmore Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Smilax biltmoreana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax biltmoreana
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax ecirrhata var. biltmoreana 041-02-003a

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Nemexia biltmoreana


Flowers in axillary umbels, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon Common Name: Huger's Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax hugeri
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax hugeri
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax ecirrhata var. hugeri 041-02-003b

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Nemexia hugeri


Flowers yellowish-green, foul-smelling, in round umbels from leaf axils, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


range map need picture of flower of Smilax ecirrata, upright carrionflower
Common Name: upright carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Smilax ecirrata
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) PLANTS National Database: Smilax ecirrhata

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Flora of North America Smilax ecirrhata

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Nemexia ecirrhata


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax rotundifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax rotundifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax rotundifolia 041-02-004

Flowers in axillary umbels, perianth greenish, campanulate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Smilax bona-nox
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax bona-nox 041-02-005

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Smilax bona-nox


Stalk of the umbel > 1.5x as long as the subtending leaf petiole, per Weakley's Flora.


range map need picture of flower of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier
Common Name: Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Smilax bona-nox
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax bona-nox 041-02-005?

range map need picture of flower of Smilax hispida, Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax hispida
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Smilax tamnoides
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax hispida 041-02-006

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Smilax hispida


range map need picture of flower of Smilax glauca, Whiteleaf Greenbrier, Wild Sarsaparilla, Sawbrier
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Whiteleaf Greenbrier, Wild Sarsaparilla, Sawbrier
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax glauca
(?) PLANTS National Database: Smilax glauca
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax glauca 041-02-007

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Coral Greenbrier, Red-berried Swamp Smilax
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax walteri
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax walteri
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax walteri 041-02-008

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Smilax walteri


Perianth brownish-yellow (vs. that of S. rotundifolia is green), per Weakley's Flora.


range map need picture of flower of Smilax auriculata, Dune Greenbrier
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dune Greenbrier
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax auriculata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax auriculata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax auriculata 041-02-009

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Smilax auriculata


range map need picture of flower of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax laurifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax laurifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax laurifolia 041-02-010

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Smilax laurifolia


range map need picture of flower of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax smallii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax smallii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax smallii 041-02-011

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Smilax lanceolata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Smilax maritima


range map need picture of flower of Smilax pumila, Dwarf Smilax, Sarsaparilla-vine
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dwarf Smilax, Sarsaparilla-vine
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pumila
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pumila
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax pumila 041-02-012

Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Smilax pumila


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Little Sweet Betsy, Purple Toadshade
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium cuneatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium cuneatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cuneatum var. cuneatum 041-03-001a

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Trillium hugeri


Sepals lanceolate, 3-5cm long, erect to divergent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Trillium, Yellow Toadshade, Lemon Trillium, Wax Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium luteum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium luteum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cuneatum var. luteum 041-03-001b

INCLUDED WITHIN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Trillium viride var. luteum


Ovary and stamens greenish-white during flowering, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mottled Trillium, Spotted Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Trillium maculatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium maculatum
INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium viride 041-03-002

INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Trillium sessile


Narrow petal bases allow the stamens and anthers to be clearly visible, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pale Yellow Trillium, Faded Trillium, Small Yellow Toadshade, Savannah River Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium discolor
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium discolor
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium discolor 041-03-003

The only sessile-flowered Trillium with clawed spatulate pale yellow petals, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Lanceleaf Trillium, Narrowleaf Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Trillium lancifolium
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium lancifolium
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium lanceolatum 041-03-004

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Trillium lanceolatum


Petals stiffly erect, extremely narrow; stamens arched over ovary, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon Common Name: Wateree River Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Trillium oostingii

Previously misidentified as Trillium lanceolatum

Previously misidentified as Trillium lancifolium


Wider petals, shorter stamens, and shorter claws than T. lancifolium, per A New Sessile-flowered Trillium from SC. Phytologia (Gaddy, 2008).


range map need picture of flower of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium
speaker icon Common Name: Northern Nodding Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium cernuum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium cernuum
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cernuum 041-03-005?

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Nodding Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium rugelii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium rugelii
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cernuum 041-03-005?

Petals strongly recurved; ovary mostly white to pink, stamens bicolored, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Trillium erectum var. erectum
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Trillium erectum
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Trillium erectum


Petals spreading from base in the same plane as the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon Common Name: White-flowered Red Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Trillium erectum var. album
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Trillium erectum
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a?

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Trillium erectum


Stamens & ovary (cup) totally exposed. Sepals & petals (saucer) spreading, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium sulcatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium sulcatum
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a?

The flower gaping in profile; petals ovate, gradually spreading, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Vasey's Trillium, Sweet Trillium, Sweet Beth
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium vaseyi
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium vaseyi
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b

Nodding flowers with broadly ovate petals and long exserted stamens, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon Common Name: Amicalola Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Trillium species 2

Resembles T. flexipes in ovary characters and floral fragrance, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bent Trillium, Bent White Trillium, Bentstalk Trillium, Drooping Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium flexipes
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium flexipes
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b?

Petals are white (rarely maroon), spreading, and broadly lance-shaped, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweet White Trillium, Confusing Trillium, Jeweled Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium simile
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium simile
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b?

Petals broad enough to overlap at base; stamens much longer than the ovary, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Catesby's Trillium, Rosy Wake-robin, Bashful Trillium, Rose Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium catesbaei
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium catesbaei
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium catesbaei 041-03-007

Petals strongly reflexed above the tube; anthers curved outward, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large-flowered Trillium, White Wake-robin, Great White Trillium, Showy Wake-robin
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium grandiflorum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium grandiflorum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium grandiflorum 041-03-008

Petals overlap at the base to form a strongly funnel-shaped flower, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.


camera icon Common Name: Carolina Least Trillium, Virginia Dwarf Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium pusillum +
PLANTS National Database: Trillium pusillum +
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium pusillum 041-03-009

Pollen light yellow, anthers purplish-green between anther sacs, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Painted Trillium, Striped Wake-robin
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium undulatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium undulatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium undulatum 041-03-010

Petals usually white with an inverted red "V" near the base, often undulate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon Common Name: Lookout Mountain Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Trillium species 3

INCLUDED WITHIN Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007) Trillium ludovicianum

(?) Trillium freemanii


Petals narrow (< 1/2" wide); ovary purplish; floral fragrance obnoxious, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon Common Name: Chattahoochee Trillium, Deceptive Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium decipiens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium decipiens

Petals overlapping at the base, hiding the stamens & ovary, per Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia.


camera icon Common Name: Decumbent Trillium, Trailing Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium decumbens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium decumbens

Flowers half or more as long as subtending leaves [vs. T. reliquum < half], per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


range map need picture of flower of Trillium ludovicianum, Louisiana Trillium, Louisiana Wake-robin
Common Name: Louisiana Trillium, Louisiana Wake-robin
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Trillium ludovicianum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium ludovicianum

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Trillium ludovicianum


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Persistent Trillium, Edna's Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Trillium persistens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium persistens

Flowers weakly trumpet-shaped to merely gaping, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium recurvatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium recurvatum

Petals 2-3x long as wide, with narrowed bases resembling claws, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Relict Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Trillium reliquum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium reliquum

Flowers less than half as long as subtending leaves, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


range map need picture of flower of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium
Common Name: Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium sessile
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium sessile

camera icon Common Name: Twisted Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium stamineum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium stamineum

The narrow, twisted, spreading petals resemble an airplane propeller, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon Common Name: Underwood's Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trillium underwoodii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium underwoodii

Petals narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate-obovate, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Indian Cucumber-root
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Medeola virginiana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Medeola virginiana
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Medeola virginiana 041-04-001

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Medeola virginiana


Yellow-green flwrs w 6 recurved petal-like structures & 3 long brown stigmas, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bluebead-lily, Clinton's Lily, Yellow Clintonia, Yellow Bead Lily
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Clintonia borealis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Clintonia borealis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Clintonia borealis 041-05-001

A short terminal raceme of 3-8 nodding, greenish-yellow flowers, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Clintonia umbellulata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Clintonia umbellulata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Clintonia umbellulata 041-05-002

Erect white flowers are usually purple-dotted, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: False Solomon's Seal, Eastern Solomon's Plume, May-plume
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Maianthemum racemosum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum

INCLUDED WITHIN Tennessee Flora Committee (2015) Maianthemum racemosum

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilacina racemosa 041-06-001

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Vagnera australis

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Vagnera racemosa


Numerous flowers in a dense terminal panicle 2-6" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon Common Name: Starry Solomon's Seal, Starry Solomon's Plume, Starflower
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Maianthemum stellatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum stellatum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Smilacina stellata


Flowers in a simple raceme; perianth segments 6, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley, Wild Lily-of-the-valley
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Maianthemum canadense
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum canadense
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Maianthemum canadense 041-07-001

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Unifolium canadense


The 4 tepals (2 sepals, 2 petals) are elliptic, reflexed & about 0.1" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Mandarin, Yellow Fairybells
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Prosartes lanuginosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Prosartes lanuginosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Disporum lanuginosum 041-08-001

Flowers terminate the branches opposite the last leaf. Perianth unspotted, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Nodding Mandarin, Spotted Mandarin
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Prosartes maculata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Prosartes maculata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Disporum maculatum 041-08-002

Flowers terminate the branch opposite last leaf. Perianth spotted with purple, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rosy Twisted-stalk, Eastern Rose Mandarin, Eastern Twisted-stalk
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Streptopus lanceolatus var. lanceolatus
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Streptopus lanceolatus var. lanceolatus

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database Streptopus lanceolatus var. roseus

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Streptopus roseus 041-09-001

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Streptopus roseus


Flowers bell-shaped, hanging singly from a short pedicel beneath the axils, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


range map need picture of flower of Streptopus amplexifolius var. amplexifolius, Clasping Twisted-stalk, White Mandarin, Pagoda-bells
speaker icon Common Name: Clasping Twisted-stalk, White Mandarin, Pagoda-bells
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Streptopus amplexifolius var. amplexifolius
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Streptopus amplexifolius var. amplexifolius
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Streptopus amplexifolius 041-09-002

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Streptopus amplexifolius var. americanus

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Tortipes amplexifolius


range map need picture of flower of Polygonatum pubescens, Hairy Solomon's Seal
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hairy Solomon's Seal
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygonatum pubescens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygonatum pubescens
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Polygonatum pubescens 041-10-001

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Polygonatum biflorum


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Smooth Solomon's Seal
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygonatum biflorum +
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Polygonatum biflorum 041-10-002

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Polygonatum commutatum


Flowers tubular with 6 short lobes, greenish when young, white when mature, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


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"If we designed our buildings the way we design our gardens, with only aesthetics in mind, they would fall down. Just as buildings need structures... to hold the graceful arches and beautiful lines of fine architecture in place, our gardens need native plants to support a diverse and balanced food web essential to all sustainable ecosystems." — Douglas W. Tallamy, Bringing Nature Home