OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY Trilliaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-03-006a?:
Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Trillium erectum

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Trillium sulcatum, Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_sulcatum

April        

image of Trillium sulcatum, Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_sulcatum_3

April        

Flowers small and generally maroon, but petals may be white, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Trillium sulcatum, Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium

Will Stuart    wil_5623868805_9ebfa5ff12

April    Burke County    NC

South Mountains State Park

Flowers on long stalks more than 2x long as sepals, held at or above leaves, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium sulcatum, Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium

Will Stuart    wil_5624458262_3c2fe98b8c

April    Burke County    NC

South Mountains State Park

The flower gaping in profile; petals ovate, gradually spreading, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium sulcatum, Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium

Will Stuart    wil5624458262_2a6c736b91b

April    Burke County    NC

South Mountains State Park

Stamens longer than ovary, 0.9-1.6 x the height of the pistil, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium sulcatum, Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium

Will Stuart    wil5624458262_2a6c736b91c

April    Burke County    NC

South Mountains State Park

"Sulcate" means having furrows or grooves, and that texturing is attractive. — Will Stuart

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-03-006a?:
Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Trillium erectum

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2809

Forb
Perennial

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Habitat: Coves and moist slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves subsessile

FLOWER:
Spring
Maroon or white
Pedicel more than 2x length of sepals
Flowers above the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Maroon
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME: