Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1544

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon, but locally abundant (rare in SC Coastal Plain)

Look for it in rich soils of cove forests, moist slopes, & bottomlands, usually over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring
Maroon/ Yellowish
Flowers are sessile.
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Maroon-red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium cuneatum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium cuneatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-03-001a:
Trillium cuneatum var. cuneatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Trillium hugeri

 

COMMON NAME:
Little Sweet Betsy, Purple Toadshade


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm170226_297

February    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Trillium cuneatum

Harry Davis    hld1544_a

February-March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Sepals lanceolate, 3-5cm long, erect to divergent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm0403b_08

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm070324_038

March    Greenville County    SC

Ovary purplish, about the same length as stamens and 1/3 that of petals, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm070324_050

March    Greenville County    SC

English Ivy is threatening to overwhelm these Trillium and Bloodroot plants.

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm090321_043

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

In general, seeds take 1-2 yrs to produce a mature cotyledon (seed leaf), per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm110313_893

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm110313_893b

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

Two pollen sacs (the anther) line a band of sterile tissue (the connective), per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm110313_970

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm140322_302

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Ants are the primary seed carriers, often discarding seeds near their nests.

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm140322_312

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Trillium with four leaves are not terribly uncommon.

image of Trillium cuneatum

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1544_b

March?        

Petals purple, brown, green or rarely yellow, >2x long as wide, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm0404m_11

April    Henderson County    NC

Roadside

Leaves mottled with two colors, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Trillium cuneatum

JK Marlow    jkm150407_125

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Trillium cuneatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_cuneat_cloudland4_2

April    Dade County    GA

Cloudland Canyon State Park

image of Trillium cuneatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_cuneatum

April        

image of Trillium cuneatum

Marian StClair    msc_3059

August?    Greenville County    SC

A lipid-rich food body (elaiosome) is attached to the outer seed coat, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.