Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


349

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA-SC), endemic to the Appalachians

Look for it in red oak & other oak forests, mesic to dry ridges & slopes, less commonly in , generally at lower elevations than C. borealis, though the two species can co-occur, per Weakley's Flora

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shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 caducous tepals
Superior ovary
Flowers in terminal umbel-like clusters

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Blue/Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-05-002:
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Clintonia umbellulata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_clum2_001_lvd

        

image of Clintonia umbellulata

Keith Bradley    kab_c_umbellulata_02880

April    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Clintonia umbellulata

Keith Bradley    kab_c_umbellulata_02883

April    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Clintonia umbellulata

Steve Marlow    snm_p4210226e

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Leaves have ciliate, or hairy, leaf margins, per Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition.

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm0205k_18

May    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm0305c_12

May    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

This and C. borealis have leathery leaves with strongly depressed midveins, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm0405j_36

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm0505m_02

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm0505m_03

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Flowers in terminal, umbel-like clusters, per Flora of North America.

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm060508_004

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Clintonia umbellulata on the left; on the right is Veratrum parviflorum

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm080504_077

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Clintonia umbellulata

Keith Bradley    kab_c_umbellulata_8068

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Clintonia umbellulata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_clintonia_umbellulata

May        

Erect white flowers are usually purple-dotted, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm080726_076

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Fruits: Ellipsoid, blackish berries, about 0.3" long, in an umbel, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Clintonia umbellulata

JK Marlow    jkm080726_080

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Clintonia umbellulata

Ron Lance    rwl349_a

September        

Berry blue or black, 6-8mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.