Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1406

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in swamp forests, bogs, often where submersed for at least part of the year, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish/Brownish
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Smilax walteri   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax walteri   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-008:
Smilax walteri   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Coral Greenbrier, Red-berried Swamp Smilax


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax walteri

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smwa_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax walteri

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smwa_005_lvd

        

image of Smilax walteri

Will Stuart    wil_8373861597_4c27264e4d

January    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Often tightly wound around Titi or Nyssa biflora at pond edges. — Will Stuart

image of Smilax walteri

JK Marlow    jkm160416_310

April    Lowndes County    GA

image of Smilax walteri

JK Marlow    jkm160416_313

April    Lowndes County    GA

Perianth brownish-yellow (vs. that of S. rotundifolia is green), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax walteri

JK Marlow    jkm150519_088

May    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

image of Smilax walteri

JK Marlow    jkm141023_229

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Berry bright red, ellipsoid or globose, 2-4 seeded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax walteri

JK Marlow    jkm141025_265268

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves almost always rounded at the base (vs. cuneate in S. smallii), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax walteri

JK Marlow    jkm141025_271

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Its relatively narrow leaves can resemble S. smallii, but are thicker textured, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax walteri

JK Marlow    jkm141025_279

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

The only totally deciduous greenbrier in SC, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Smilax walteri

JK Marlow    jkm141025_292

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

These particular berries each had one or two seeds.