Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1556

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Look for it in very rich soils of slopes and coves over mafic or calcareous rocks, often also in or near seepage, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile to subsessile

FLOWER:
Spring
White (rarely maroon)
Pedicel 1.5-2.5x length of sepals
Flowers above the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium simile   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium simile   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-03-006b?:
Trillium erectum var. vaseyi   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Sweet White Trillium, Confusing Trillium, Jeweled Trillium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm120330_267

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

A maroon-flowered form.

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm140322_374

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm140322_378

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Trillium simile

Harry Davis    hld1556_a

March-April    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Petals broad enough to overlap at base; stamens much longer than the ovary, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium simile

Alan Cressler    alc_5695077908_013bf886c1

April    Fannin County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

image of Trillium simile

Alan Cressler    alc_5695078508_7415d81023

April    Fannin County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm0404m_24

April    Polk County    NC

Flower stalk long, held nearly erect; overlapping petals broadly ovate, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm0504l_17

April    Henderson County    NC

Flowers have a cup-shaped profile [compare T. erectum's cup and saucer], per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of white-flowering Trilliums

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm140417_047

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm140417_048

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm180414_286

April    Polk County    NC

image of Trillium simile

JK Marlow    jkm180414_309

April    Polk County    NC

Petals ovate, more than 2x as broad as the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium simile

Tim Spira    tpstsimile2

April        

Fresh flowers have a green apple fragrance, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Trillium simile

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_simile_12

May        

image of Trillium simile

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_simile_s

May        

Stamens much longer than ovary; ovary black to purplish-black, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium simile

Steve Marlow    snm090503_tsimile_30

May    Polk County    NC

Leaves solid green, rhombic, often overlapping, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Trillium simile

Steve Marlow    snm090503_tsimile_30c

May    Polk County    NC

Ovary dark purple and strongly angled, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.