Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2135

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in GA, uncommon in SC, rare in NC

Look for it (it's an epiphyte) on limbs of trees, especially Magnolia grandiflora, Quercus virginiana, and Taxodium spp., in blackwater river swamps and mesic hardwood hammocks, usually on relatively horizontal limbs mixed with Pleopeltis polypodioides, also rarely in crevices of Altamaha Grit outcrops, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Grayish-green / Yellowish-green with touches of purplish-green on petal tips
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Epidendrum magnoliae   FAMILY Orchidaceae

(?) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Epidendrum magnoliae var. magnoliae   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-17-001:
Epidendrum conopseum   FAMILY Orchidaceae

GREATER THAN Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Epidendrum conopseum var. conopseum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Epidendrum magnoliae

 

COMMON NAME:
Green-fly Orchid


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Epidendrum conopseum, image of Epidendrum magnoliae

Jim Fowler    jaf_emagnoliae_g4

July-September    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

1" flowers usually green or yellow-green with touches of purplish-green, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

picture of Epidendrum conopseum, image of Epidendrum magnoliae

Jerry Bright    jeb_mg_1506

August    Marion County    SC

Woodbury Wildlife Management Area

The dark evergreen leathery leaves are 1-4" long and about 1/2" wide, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

picture of Epidendrum conopseum, image of Epidendrum magnoliae

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeconopseum_biedler1

Month Unknown        SC

Francis Biedler Forest

Most orchid species worldwide are epiphytic, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Epidendrum conopseum, image of Epidendrum magnoliae

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeconopseum_biedler1b

Month Unknown        SC

Francis Biedler Forest

Epiphytic not parasitic: its host gives structural support not nourishment, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.