OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 74 taxa in the family Orchidaceae, Orchid family, as understood by Weakley's Flora.

                   

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pink Lady's Slipper, Mocassin Flower

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium acaule   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium acaule   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cypripedium acaule 049-01-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in dry to mesic, acid forests & woodlands, often under pine or other conifers

Common (uncommon in GA-SC Piedmont, rare in SC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large Yellow Lady's Slipper

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

(?) PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens 049-01-002   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in rich mesic forests

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Small Yellow Lady's Slipper

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

(?) PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens 049-01-002?   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in mesic forests, seepy forests over amphibolite, other habitats

Rare

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Kentucky Yellow Lady's Slipper

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium kentuckiense   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium kentuckiense   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in sandy ravine bottoms and springhead seeps along small streams

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Lady's Slipper, Queen Lady's Slipper

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium reginae   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium reginae   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cypripedium reginae 049-01-003   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it over circumneutral to basic rocks, or (allegedly) in mossy wet forests under Rhododendron

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas & Georgia (doubtfully to NC)

 


drawing of Cypripedium candidum, White Lady's Slipper need picture of Cypripedium candidum, White Lady's Slipper need picture Cypripedium candidum, White Lady's Slipper need picture of Cypripedium candidum, White Lady's Slipper need picture of Cypripedium candidum, White Lady's Slipper
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speaker icon Common Name: White Lady's Slipper

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium candidum   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium candidum   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in calcareous barrens and bluffs

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Orchis

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Galearis spectabilis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Galearis spectabilis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Orchis spectabilis 049-02-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in deciduous forests, most typically over calcareous or mafic rocks

Common (rare in SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Ragged Fringed Orchid, Green Fringed Orchid, Ragged Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera lacera   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera lacera   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria lacera 049-03-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in swamps, bogs, seepages

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Small Purple Fringed Orchid, Butterfly Orchid, Lesser Purple Fringed Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera psycodes   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera psycodes   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria psycodes var. psycodes 049-03-003a   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in northern hardwood forests, other moist forests, seepages, bogs

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large Purple Fringed Orchid, Plume-royal, Greater Purple Fringed Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera grandiflora   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Platanthera grandiflora   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria psycodes var. grandiflora 049-03-003b   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, seepages, moist places at high elevations

Rare

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Purple Fringeless Orchid, Purple Spire Orchid, Pride-of-the-peak

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera peramoena   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera peramoena   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria peramoena 049-03-004   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, seepages, moist forests, moist meadows

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Michaux's Orchid, Long-horned Habenaria

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Habenaria quinqueseta   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Habenaria quinqueseta   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria quinqueseta 049-03-005   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in wet pine flatwoods, moist hardwood hammocks, Altamaha Grit outcrops, ditches

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Water-spider Orchid, Floating Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Habenaria repens   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Habenaria repens   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria repens 049-03-006   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in blackwater swamps, pools, banks of creeks and rivers

Uncommon (rare in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Large Round-leaved Orchid, Dinner-plate Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera orbiculata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

(?) PLANTS National Database: Platanthera orbiculata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria orbiculata 049-03-007   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in moist hardwood forests, esp over amphibolite

Uncommon (rare in Piedmont)

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Fringeless Orchid, Golden Frog Orchid, Golden Fringeless Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera integra   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera integra   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria integra 049-03-008   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas in the Coastal Plain, bogs in the Mountains & Piedmont

Rare, essentially endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Snowy Orchid, Bog-spike

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera nivea   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera nivea   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria nivea 049-03-009   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in wet savannas

Uncommon (rare in NC-SC), essentially a Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Tubercled Orchid, Southern Rein Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Platanthera flava   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera flava var. flava   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria flava var. flava 049-03-010a   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in shaded wet places, such as swampy forests

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Tubercled Rein Orchid, Northern Gypsy-spike

Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Platanthera herbiola   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera flava var. herbiola   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria flava var. herbiola 049-03-010b   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, seepages

Rare

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Small Green Wood Orchid, Club-spur Orchid, Woodland Orchid, Streamhead Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera clavellata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera clavellata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

(?) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria clavellata 049-03-011   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in seepages, bogs, swamps, other wet places

Common (uncommon in Piedmont, rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Dactylorhiza viridis, Longbract Frog Orchid, Long-bracted Orchid need picture of Dactylorhiza viridis, Longbract Frog Orchid, Long-bracted Orchid need picture Dactylorhiza viridis, Longbract Frog Orchid, Long-bracted Orchid need picture of Dactylorhiza viridis, Longbract Frog Orchid, Long-bracted Orchid need picture of Dactylorhiza viridis, Longbract Frog Orchid, Long-bracted Orchid
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Common Name: Longbract Frog Orchid, Long-bracted Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Dactylorhiza viridis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

(?) PLANTS National Database: Dactylorhiza viridis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria viridis var. bracteata 049-03-012   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


drawing of Platanthera blephariglottis, Small White Fringed Orchid need picture of Platanthera blephariglottis, Small White Fringed Orchid need picture Platanthera blephariglottis, Small White Fringed Orchid need picture of Platanthera blephariglottis, Small White Fringed Orchid need picture of Platanthera blephariglottis, Small White Fringed Orchid
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speaker icon Common Name: Small White Fringed Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera blephariglottis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera blephariglottis var. blephariglottis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria blephariglottis var. blephariglottis 049-03-013a   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in seepages, sandhill-pocosin ecotones

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large White Fringed Orchid, Southern White Fringed Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera conspicua   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera blephariglottis var. conspicua   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria blephariglottis var. blephariglottis 049-03-013a?   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, seepages, sandhill-pocosin ecotones

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Monkey-face Orchid, White Fringeless Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera integrilabia   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera integrilabia   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria blephariglottis var. integrilabia 049-03-013b?   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, red maple-gum swamps, seeps and streambanks

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Fringed Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera ciliaris   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera ciliaris   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria ciliaris 049-03-014   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, moist roadbanks, meadows, pastures, bogs

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Crested Fringed Orchid, Golden Fringed Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera cristata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera cristata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Habenaria cristata 049-03-015   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, bogs, moist roadsides

Uncommon (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Listera smallii   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Listera smallii   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Listera smallii 049-04-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in shaded swamps, wet slopes, nearly always beneath Rhododendron maximum

Uncommon (rare in GA, SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Twayblade

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Listera australis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Listera australis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Listera australis 049-04-003   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in swamps, second terraces in floodplain forests, wet woods under Rhododendron maximum

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Three Birds Orchid, Nodding Pogonia, Nodding Ettercap

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Triphora trianthophoros var. trianthophoros   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN & ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT PLANTS National Database: Triphora trianthophora   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN & ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Triphora trianthophora 049-05-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in humid forests & swamps, rhododendron thickets, esp on rotten logs or on humus, in the mountains often under hemlock

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large Whorled Pogonia, Larger Five-leaves

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Isotria verticillata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Isotria verticillata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Isotria verticillata 049-06-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in moist to dry forests

Uncommon to rare in GA, NC, SC

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Small Whorled Pogonia, Little Five-leaves

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Isotria medeoloides   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Isotria medeoloides   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Isotria medeoloides 049-06-002   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, in the mountains and upper Piedmont usually with Pinus strobus

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rose Pogonia, Snakemouth Orchid, Beardflower, Addermouth

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Pogonia ophioglossoides   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pogonia ophioglossoides   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pogonia ophioglossoides 049-07-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, bogs, esp in open peaty or gravely situations

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rosebud Orchid, Large Spreading Pogonia

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Cleistesiopsis divaricata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Cleistes divaricata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cleistes divaricata 049-08-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas, Coastal Plain seepage bogs

Uncommon in Coastal Plain of NC-SC, rare elsewhere (endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Appalachian Small Spreading Pogonia, Smaller Rosebud Orchid, Upland Spreading Pogonia

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Cleistesiopsis bifaria   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Cleistes bifaria   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cleistes divaricata 049-08-001?   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in moist to fairly dry meadows, dry ridgetops under pines (where seasonally moist)

Uncommon (rare in GA), endemic

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Coastal Plain Small Spreading Pogonia

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Cleistesiopsis oricamporum   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Cleistes bifaria   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cleistes divaricata 049-08-001?   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, sandhill seeps

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bog-rose, Dragon's-mouth, Arethusa

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Arethusa bulbosa   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Arethusa bulbosa   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Arethusa bulbosa 049-09-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in bogs

Rare

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bearded Grass-pink

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon barbatus   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Calopogon barbatus   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Calopogon barbatus 049-10-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, sandhill seeps, pitcher-plant bogs

Uncommon (rare in NC-SC), a Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Grass-pink

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Calopogon pulchellus 049-10-002   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, sandhill seeps, floating peat mats, in Piedmont & Mountains in bogs

Uncommon (rare in Mountains & Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pale Grass-pink

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon pallidus   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Calopogon pallidus   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Calopogon pallidus 049-10-003   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, sandhill seeps

Uncommon, a Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Many-flowered Grass-pink

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon multiflorus   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Calopogon multiflorus   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in moderately well-drained soils of pine savannas and pine flatwoods (often with Serenoa repens)

Rare, a Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Oklahoma Grass-pink

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon oklahomensis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

(?) PLANTS National Database: Calopogon oklahomensis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas, prairies

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Shadow Witch, Ponthieu's Orchid, Shadow-witch Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ponthieva racemosa   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ponthieva racemosa   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ponthieva racemosa 049-11-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in bottomlands, floodplains, moist ravines, nearly always over calcareous rock ("marl") or coquina limestone

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Lesser Ladies'-tresses, Oval Ladies'-tresses, October Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes ovalis var. erostellata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes ovalis var. erostellata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes ovalis 049-12-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests, bottomland forests, hammocks, ravine forests

Uncommon (rare in GA, rare in SC Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis, Oval Ladies'-tresses need picture of Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis, Oval Ladies'-tresses need picture Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis, Oval Ladies'-tresses need picture of Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis, Oval Ladies'-tresses need picture of Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis, Oval Ladies'-tresses
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Common Name: Oval Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests, mesic ravines

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Nodding Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes cernua   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes cernua   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes cernua var. cernua 049-12-002a   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, swamps, ditches, usually in acidic, sphagnous situations

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Great Plains Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes magnicamporum   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes magnicamporum   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in grassy barrens and glades over limestone

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Ladies'-tresses, Yellow Nodding Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes ochroleuca   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes ochroleuca   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in meadows and pastures at moderate to high elevations, up to at least 1500m in elevation

Rare

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Fragrant Ladies'-tresses, Marsh Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes odorata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes odorata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes cernua var. odorata 049-12-002b   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in swamps and marshes

Uncommon, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Little Ladies'-tresses, Little Pearl-twist

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes tuberosa   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes tuberosa   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes grayi 049-12-003   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in a wide variety of habitats, esp relatively well-drained woodlands and fields, sandhills, dry hammocks, dry pine flatwoods

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Short-lipped Ladies'-tresses, Texas Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes brevilabris   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes brevilabris   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eaton's Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes eatonii   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes eatonii   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas, dry to moist pine flatwoods

Uncommon in NC-SC, rare in GA

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Northern Slender Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes lacera var. lacera   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes lacera var. lacera   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in clearings, openings

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Slender Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes gracilis var. gracilis 049-12-004a   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in fields, meadows, pastures, woodlands

Uncommon (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Florida Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes floridana   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes floridana   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes gracilis var. floridana 049-12-004b   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in wet savannas, other moist sites

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Long-lipped Ladies'-tresses, Giant Spiral Orchid, Giant Spiral Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes longilabris   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes longilabris   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes longilabris 049-12-005   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in wet savannas

Rare, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Grassleaf Ladies'-tresses, Giant Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes praecox   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes praecox   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes praecox 049-12-006   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, swamps, bogs

Common in GA-SC Coastal Plain (uncommon or rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Woodland Ladies'-tresses, Pale Green Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes sylvatica   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes praecox   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes praecox 049-12-006?   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in live oak hammocks, other woodlands

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Spring Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes vernalis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes vernalis   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes vernalis 049-12-007   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, bogs, marshes, fairly dry fields

Common in Coastal Plain (uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Lacelip Ladies'-tresses, Lace-lip Spiral Orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes laciniata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes laciniata   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Spiranthes laciniata 049-12-008   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in pond cypress depressions and savannas, swamps

Rare, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Spiranthes lucida, Shining Ladies'-tresses need picture of Spiranthes lucida, Shining Ladies'-tresses need picture Spiranthes lucida, Shining Ladies'-tresses need picture of Spiranthes lucida, Shining Ladies'-tresses need picture of Spiranthes lucida, Shining Ladies'-tresses
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Common Name: Shining Ladies'-tresses

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes lucida   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes lucida   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in sunny seepage over amphibolite or other basic rock, moist banks and shores

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Downy Rattlesnake Plantain, Downy Rattlesnake-orchid

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Goodyera pubescens   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Goodyera pubescens   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Goodyera pubescens 049-13-001   FAMILY: Orchidaceae

 

Look for it in dry to moist forests & woodlands

Common (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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"Introduced as an ornamental in the late 1800s, Japanese knotweed now forms monocultures along roadways, railroads, and streambeds in 36 states, including Alaska." — Douglas W. Tallamy, Bringing Nature Home