Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

Hovering over an image will enlarge it and provide commentary (works better on desktop than on mobile).
Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on a particular plant will lead you to more information and/or photographs:

camera icon A camera indicates there are pictures.
speaker icon A speaker indicates there is a sound file demonstrating pronunciation of the botanical name.
plus sign icon A plus sign after a Latin name indicates that the species is further divided into varieties or subspecies.

Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 30 taxa in the family Trilliaceae, Trillium family, as understood by Weakley's Flora.

arrow icon arrow

range map
camera icon Common Name: Ocmulgee Trillium, Oaky Woods Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium delicatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

 

Look for it in rich, mesic, deciduous forests

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: Decumbent Trillium, Trailing Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium decumbens   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium decumbens   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests

Uncommon in GA, an endemic (should be sought in extreme sw. NC)

Native to Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Relict Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium reliquum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium reliquum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests on bluffs and ravine slopes

Rare, an endemic

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Little Sweet Betsy, Purple Toadshade
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium cuneatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium cuneatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cuneatum var. cuneatum 041-03-001a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich soils of cove forests, moist slopes, & bottomlands, usually over mafic or calcareous rocks

Common to uncommon, locally abundant (rare in SC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: Chattahoochee Trillium, Deceptive Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium decipiens   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium decipiens   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests

Uncommon in GA, rare in SC (an endemic)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium need picture of leaf or frond of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium need picture of flower of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium need picture of fruit of Trillium sessile, Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium
range map
Common Name: Sessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium sessile   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium sessile   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests, in NC limited to very rich soils of natural levees and lower slopes along the Roanoke River

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: Underwood's Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium underwoodii   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium underwoodii   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests

Uncommon

Native to Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Trillium, Yellow Toadshade, Lemon-scented Trillium, Wax Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium luteum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium luteum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cuneatum var. luteum 041-03-001b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist coves over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant in the vicinity of the Great Smokies

Locally abundant in the vicinity of the Great Smokies, uncommon to rare elsewhere. Nearly endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mottled Trillium, Spotted Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium maculatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium maculatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium viride 041-03-002   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests and floodplains, over calcareous materials such as coquina limestone ("marl") or on shell middens

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont (an endemic)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: Lookout Mountain Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium species 3   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests

Rare, endemic to the Lookout Mountain region of nw. GA, se. TN & ne. AL

Native to Georgia

 


range map
Common Name: Louisiana Trillium, Louisiana Wake-robin
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium ludovicianum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium ludovicianum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in floodplains, streambanks, ravine forests

Native: west of Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pale Yellow Trillium, Faded Trillium, Small Yellow Toadshade, Savannah River Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium discolor   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium discolor   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium discolor 041-03-003   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich cove and bluff forests, restricted to the Savannah River drainage

Uncommon in SC, rare elsewhere (an endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: Twisted Trillium, Helicopter Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium stamineum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium stamineum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in floodplains, on slopes, especially over limestone

Native: west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Lanceleaf Trillium, Narrowleaf Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium lancifolium   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium lancifolium   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium lanceolatum 041-03-004   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests over marble, limestone, and other calcareous substrates, floodplain forests

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: Wateree River Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium oostingii   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

 

Look for it in rich bottomland forests

Rare, endemic to SC's Kershaw-Richland counties along Wateree River, apparently

Native to South Carolina

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin, Recurved Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium recurvatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium recurvatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich soils of cove over calcareous rock

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


drawing of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium need picture of leaf or frond of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium need picture of flower of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium need picture of fruit of Trillium cernuum, Northern Nodding Trillium
range map
speaker icon Common Name: Northern Nodding Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium cernuum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium cernuum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cernuum 041-03-005?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it im moist rich woods, seepage edges, damp forests with Fraxinus nigra and Ulmus americana, on mafic or calcareous substrates

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Nodding Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium rugelii   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium rugelii   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium cernuum 041-03-005?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich woodlands and forests over mafic or calcareous rocks

Uncommon (rare in NC Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Trillium erectum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it on wooded slopes, usually at middle to high elevations

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: White-flowered Red Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium erectum var. album   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Trillium erectum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it on wooded slopes, usually at low elevations

Rare overall, but common in and around Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. erectum 041-03-006a?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in coves and on moist slopes

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Vasey's Trillium, Sweet Trillium, Sweet Beth
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium vaseyi   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium vaseyi   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in cove forests, other rich forests

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain), endemic to Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: Amicalola Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Trillium species 2   FAMILY: Trilliaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests

Rare (an endemic)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bent Trillium, Bent White Trillium, Bentstalk Trillium, Drooping Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium flexipes   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium flexipes   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist coves over mafic or calcareous rocks

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweet White Trillium, Confusing Trillium, Jeweled Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium simile   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium simile   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium erectum var. vaseyi 041-03-006b?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in very rich soils of slopes and coves over mafic or calcareous rocks, often also in or near seepage

Rare, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Catesby's Trillium, Rosy Wake-robin, Bashful Trillium, Rose Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium catesbyi   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium catesbaei   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium catesbaei 041-03-007   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, mesic slopes, cove forests

Common (uncommon in Mountains, rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large-flowered Trillium, Great White Trillium, White Wake-robin, Showy Wake-robin
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium grandiflorum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium grandiflorum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium grandiflorum 041-03-008   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in rich coves and mesic slopes, also less typically on ridges over "rich" rock types

Common (rare in SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Persistent Trillium, Edna's Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium persistens   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium persistens   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in acidic forests with hemlocks and heaths

Rare, endemic to a portion of Tallulah-Tugaloo river system in nw. SC & ne. GA

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon Common Name: Carolina Least Trillium, Virginia Dwarf Trillium, Aiken Least Trillium
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillium pusillum +   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
PLANTS National Database: Trillium pusillum +   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium pusillum 041-03-009   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


range map
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Painted Trillium, Striped Wake-robin
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Trillidium undulatum   FAMILY: Trilliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trillium undulatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trillium undulatum 041-03-010   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in acidic soils of ridges, slopes, and bog margins, mostly at high elevations and often associated with Rhododendron, Tsuga, Pinus, or Picea

Common in Mountains (rare in SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


Your search found 30 taxa. You are on page PAGE 1 out of 1 pages.


"Most plants grow from their tips to add length. By contrast, grass grows from its base, emerging from a bud at, or just under, the soil surface, where sensitve growth tissues remain safe from the elements and hungry herds." — Douglas Chadwick, The American Prairie, Root of the Sky, National Geographic, October 1993