OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 66 taxa.

                      Clicking click a plant to find out more about it one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

                   

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Loblolly Pine, Old Field Pine

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Pinus taeda   FAMILY: Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus taeda   FAMILY: Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus taeda 016-01-004   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Habitat: Dry to dry-mesic upland forests and woodlands, riparian forests, maritime forests, sandy rises in bottomland forests, pine flatwoods, roadsides, pine plantations, disturbed areas, especially in acid soil, much more abundant and widespread than formerly, and occurring farther inland than as a native

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine, Jersey Pine

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Pinus virginiana   FAMILY: Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus virginiana   FAMILY: Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus virginiana 016-01-010   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Habitat: Dry forests and woodlands, especially on slopes and ridges, also common in certain areas as a weedy successional tree on nearly any kind of site, such as rocky, sandy, or clayey successional old fields or blowdowns

Common (rare in Coastal Plain), primarily endemic to Central & Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Hemlock, Canada Hemlock

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Tsuga canadensis   FAMILY: Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tsuga canadensis   FAMILY: Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Tsuga canadensis 016-03-001   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats in the mountains, most typically and abundantly in moist sites in ravines or coves along streams, but likely to be found in all but the driest habitats between 300 and 1500 m (even occurring in peaty bogs, where it has a sickly yellow color and short life expectancy); in the western Piedmont of NC limited to progressively rarer microhabitats (primarily north-facing river bluffs), reaching its eastward limit in NC at a disjunct stand at Hemlock Bluff State Natural Area, Wake County (but uncommon in the Piedmont of VA and even present, though rare, in the Coastal Plain of VA)

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Red Cedar

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Juniperus virginiana   FAMILY: Cupressaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana   FAMILY: Cupressaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Juniperus virginiana 018-03-002   FAMILY: Cupressaceae

 

Habitat: Bluffs, glades, upland forests and woodlands, pastures, old fields, roadsides, and fencerows, primarily upland, occurring most abundantly on (but by no means restricted to) circumneutral soils (including shrink-swell clays) derived from mafic or calcareous rocks

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Golden Bamboo, Fishpole Bamboo

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Phyllostachys aurea   FAMILY: Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys aurea   FAMILY: Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Phyllostachys aurea 029-02-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Habitat: Suburban woodlands, upland forests and woodlands, riparian forests, stream banks, roadsides, pastures, old fields, persisting and spreading from plantings

Non-native: China & Japan

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Willow

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Salix nigra   FAMILY: Salicaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix nigra   FAMILY: Salicaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix nigra 051-01-007   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Habitat: Riverbanks, sandbars, bottomland forests, floodplain pools, tidal swamps, impoundments, ditches, other moist areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Walnut

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Juglans nigra   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Juglans nigra   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Juglans nigra 053-01-001   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

 

Habitat: Moist, nutrient-rich forests of floodplains and slopes, calcareous hammocks

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Butternut, White Walnut

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Juglans cinerea   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Juglans cinerea   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Juglans cinerea 053-01-002   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

 

Habitat: Moist, nutrient-rich forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pecan

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Carya illinoinensis   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Carya illinoinensis   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Carya illinoensis 053-02-002   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

 

Habitat: Bottomland forests, hardwood flatwoods, swamps, margins of fields, pastures, often along larger rivers; eastwards (out of native range) introduced and persistent around dwellings and in pecan orchards, escaped to suburban woodlands, rural forest edges and floodplains, also commonly cultivated

Commonly cultivated, commonly escaped or persistent

Native: south central US

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sand Hickory, Pale Hickory

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Carya pallida   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Carya pallida   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Carya pallida 053-02-008   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

 

Habitat: Dry sandy or rocky forests and woodlands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mockernut Hickory, White Hickory

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Carya tomentosa   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Carya tomentosa   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Carya tomentosa 053-02-009   FAMILY: Juglandaceae

 

Habitat: Forests and woodlands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Tag Alder, Hazel Alder, Smooth Alder

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Alnus serrulata   FAMILY: Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Alnus serrulata   FAMILY: Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Alnus serrulata 054-01-002   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Habitat: Streambanks, bogs, wet thickets

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Birch, Red Birch

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Betula nigra   FAMILY: Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Betula nigra   FAMILY: Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Betula nigra 054-03-005   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Habitat: Riverbanks, streambanks, floodplains, sandbars, disturbed uplands

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Beech

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fagus grandifolia +   FAMILY: Fagaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Fagus grandifolia   FAMILY: Fagaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Fagus grandifolia 055-01-001   FAMILY: Fagaceae

 

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Oak

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Quercus alba   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus alba   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus alba 055-03-001   FAMILY: Fagaceae

 

Habitat: Mesic to xeric forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Post Oak

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Quercus stellata   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus stellata   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus stellata 055-03-002   FAMILY: Fagaceae

 

Habitat: Upland forests and woodlands, especially in clay or rocky soils and in communities at least formerly exposed to fire

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Oak

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Quercus velutina   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus velutina   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus velutina 055-03-020   FAMILY: Fagaceae

 

Habitat: Upland forests and woodlands, especially in fairly xeric and sandy soils

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Quercus falcata   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus falcata   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus falcata var. falcata 055-03-022a   FAMILY: Fagaceae

 

Habitat: Upland forests, usually xeric or submesic, but occasionally in mesic situations

Common (uncommon in NC Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Water Oak, Paddle Oak

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Quercus nigra   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus nigra   FAMILY: Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus nigra 055-03-025   FAMILY: Fagaceae

 

Habitat: Bottomland forests, especially on levees or second terraces where flooded infrequently and for short periods, less commonly on mesic slopes, but also now widely distributed and common as a "weed tree" in upland situations

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Elm, White Elm

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Ulmus americana var. americana   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Ulmus americana   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ulmus americana 056-01-002   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Habitat: Swamps, bottomland forests, moist slopes, especially on relatively or strongly nutrient-rich substrates

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Winged Elm

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Ulmus alata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus alata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ulmus alata 056-01-003   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Habitat: Rock outcrops, dry and mesic forests and woodlands, bottomlands, old fields, disturbed areas

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Small's Hackberry

Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Celtis smallii   FAMILY: Cannabaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Celtis laevigata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Celtis laevigata 056-03-001?   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Habitat: Glades, woodlands, forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Georgia Hackberry, Dwarf Hackberry

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Celtis pumila   FAMILY: Cannabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Celtis pumila   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana 056-03-002b   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Habitat: Xeric to mesic glades, outcrops, barrens, woodlands, exposed bluffs, stream banks, and disturbed areas, often over calcareous substrate

Common to uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Paper Mulberry

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Broussonetia papyrifera   FAMILY: Moraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Broussonetia papyrifera   FAMILY: Moraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Broussonetia papyrifera 057-01-001   FAMILY: Moraceae

 

Habitat: Urban lots, disturbed areas, roadsides

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Mulberry, Silkworm Mulberry, Russian Mulberry

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Morus alba   FAMILY: Moraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Morus alba   FAMILY: Moraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Morus alba 057-02-001   FAMILY: Moraceae

 

Habitat: Disturbed areas, vacant lots, roadsides, moist forests

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Red Mulberry

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Morus rubra   FAMILY: Moraceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Morus rubra var. rubra   FAMILY: Moraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Morus rubra 057-02-002   FAMILY: Moraceae

 

Habitat: Bottomland forests, mesic slopes, disturbed areas, suburban woodlands

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Tuliptree, Yellow Poplar, Whitewood

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera   FAMILY: Magnoliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Liriodendron tulipifera   FAMILY: Magnoliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Liriodendron tulipifera 080-01-001   FAMILY: Magnoliaceae

 

Habitat: Mesic forests, cove forests in the Mountains to at least 1500m in elevation, bottomland forests and swamps

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Magnolia grandiflora   FAMILY: Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Magnolia grandiflora   FAMILY: Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Magnolia grandiflora 080-02-002   FAMILY: Magnoliaceae

 

Habitat: Maritime forests, mesic Coastal Plain bluffs and flats, bottomlands, now also widely naturalized, spreading from cultivation into wet to mesic (and even dry) forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sassafras

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sassafras albidum   FAMILY: Lauraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sassafras albidum   FAMILY: Lauraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sassafras albidum 084-02-001   FAMILY: Lauraceae

 

Habitat: A wide variety of forests, old fields, disturbed areas, fencerows

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweetgum

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Liquidambar styraciflua   FAMILY: Altingiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Liquidambar styraciflua   FAMILY: Hamamelidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Liquidambar styraciflua 095-01-001   FAMILY: Hamamelidaceae

 

Habitat: Swamp forests, floodplains, moist forests, depressional wetlands, pond and lake margins, old fields, disturbed areas, nearly ubiquitous in the modern southeastern United States landscape

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Witch-hazel, Northern Witch-hazel

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana   FAMILY: Hamamelidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Hamamelis virginiana   FAMILY: Hamamelidaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hamamelis virginiana 095-02-001   FAMILY: Hamamelidaceae

 

Habitat: Moist to dryish forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Sycamore, Planetree

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Platanus occidentalis var. occidentalis   FAMILY: Platanaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Platanus occidentalis   FAMILY: Platanaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Platanus occidentalis 096-01-001   FAMILY: Platanaceae

 

Habitat: Riverbanks and alluvial forests, streambanks, sometimes weedy on rocky roadcuts

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bradford Pear, Callery Pear

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pyrus calleryana   FAMILY: Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pyrus calleryana   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Habitat: Commonly planted and persistent, now an aggressive naturalizer in fields, roadsides, and disturbed areas across most of our region

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon Common Name: Taiwanese Redtip

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Photinia serratifolia   FAMILY: Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Photinia serratifolia   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Habitat: Suburban woodlands; uncommonly cultivated and rarely naturalizing

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Downy Serviceberry, Sarvisberry

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Amelanchier arborea   FAMILY: Rosaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Amelanchier arborea var. arborea   FAMILY: Rosaceae

INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Amelanchier arborea var. arborea 097-21-001a   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Habitat: Dry to moist forests, seepage and depression wetlands

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Peach

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Prunus persica   FAMILY: Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Prunus persica   FAMILY: Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Prunus persica 097-22-001   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides, trash-heaps, old fields, fencerows, disturbed thickets; commonly cultivated and commonly escaped or persistent

Commonly cultivated, commonly escaped or persistent

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Cherry, Eastern Wild Black Cherry, Bird Cherry

Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Prunus serotina var. serotina   FAMILY: Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Prunus serotina var. serotina   FAMILY: Rosaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Prunus serotina var. serotina 097-22-011a   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Habitat: Rich coves, bottomlands, northern hardwood forests, and in a wide variety of lower elevation habitats from dry to mesic, and weedy in fencerows

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mimosa, Silktree, Albizia

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Albizia julibrissin   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Albizia julibrissin   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Albizia julibrissin 098-01-001   FAMILY: Fabaceae

 

Habitat: Disturbed areas, suburban woodlots, escaped and persistent in forests and woodlands

Non-native: Tropical Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Cercis canadensis   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cercis canadensis var. canadensis   FAMILY: Fabaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cercis canadensis 098-04-001   FAMILY: Fabaceae

 

Habitat: Moist to dry forests and woodlands, especially over calcareous or mafic rocks, also commonly planted as an ornamental

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Honey Locust

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gleditsia triacanthos   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gleditsia triacanthos   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gleditsia triacanthos 098-06-001   FAMILY: Fabaceae

 

Habitat: Woodlands, forests (generally bottomland), fencerows, often planted as a street tree

Native: west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cladrastis kentukea   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cladrastis kentukea   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cladrastis lutea 098-08-001   FAMILY: Fabaceae

 

Habitat: Mountain forests, Piedmont bluffs, especially on calcareous or mafic rocks (introduced only in the Piedmont of NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Locust

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Robinia pseudoacacia   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Robinia pseudoacacia   FAMILY: Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Robinia pseudo-acacia 098-32-001   FAMILY: Fabaceae

 

Habitat: Forests, woodlands, disturbed areas, roadcuts

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Ailanthus, Tree-of-heaven

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ailanthus altissima   FAMILY: Simaroubaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ailanthus altissima   FAMILY: Simaroubaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ailanthus altissima 104-01-001   FAMILY: Simaroubaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides, forests, disturbed areas, including cities, especially in moist, fertile soils

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Chinaberry, Pride-of-India

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Melia azedarach   FAMILY: Meliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Melia azedarach   FAMILY: Meliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Melia azedarach 105-01-001   FAMILY: Meliaceae

 

Habitat: Disturbed areas, abandoned rural yards and fields; commonly cultivated in our area (mainly in the Coastal Plain) and commonly escaped

Non-native: southeast Asia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Dwarf Sumac

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhus copallinum +   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhus copallinum +   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhus copallina 110-01-007   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

 

Look for it in dry woodlands, and also (depending on variety) in sandhills or rocky glades or maritime thickets

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Smooth Sumac, Common Sumac

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhus glabra   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhus glabra   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhus glabra 110-01-008   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

 

Habitat: Disturbed areas, clearings, roadsides, woodlands

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Holly, Christmas Holly

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ilex opaca   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex opaca var. opaca   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex opaca 112-01-001   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Habitat: In a wide variety of forests, ranging from xeric to wetland

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Chinese Holly, Burford Holly

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex cornuta   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex cornuta   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Habitat: Escaped into forests in (primarily) suburban and urban areas, but certain to become more ubiquitous and increasingly in natural areas

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Box Elder, Ash-leaved Maple

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Acer negundo var. negundo   FAMILY: Sapindaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Acer negundo var. negundo   FAMILY: Aceraceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Acer negundo 115-01-001   FAMILY: Aceraceae

 

Habitat: Riverbanks, swamps, bottomlands, also upslope on calcareous substrates

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Red Maple

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Acer rubrum var. rubrum   FAMILY: Sapindaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Acer rubrum var. rubrum   FAMILY: Aceraceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Acer rubrum 115-01-004   FAMILY: Aceraceae

 

Habitat: Upland deciduous forests, up to at least 1500m elevation, moist bottomlands and slopes

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Silver Maple, Soft Maple

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Acer saccharinum   FAMILY: Sapindaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Acer saccharinum   FAMILY: Aceraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Acer saccharinum 115-01-005   FAMILY: Aceraceae

 

Habitat: Bottomlands, riverbanks, and disturbed areas

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sugar Maple, Hard Maple, Sugar-tree

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Acer saccharum var. saccharum   FAMILY: Sapindaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Acer saccharum var. saccharum   FAMILY: Aceraceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum 115-01-006a   FAMILY: Aceraceae

 

Habitat: Cove forests, other rich forests, especially over mafic and calcareous rocks, on calcareous soils common and typical in dry-mesic forests and dry woodlands as well, less typically extending to high elevation northern hardwood forests where sometimes in acidic situations (as in Highlands County, VA), in parts of the Piedmont perhaps more common as an introduction by ornamental planting than as a native, at least south of VA

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Aralia spinosa   FAMILY: Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Aralia spinosa   FAMILY: Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Aralia spinosa 139-03-001   FAMILY: Araliaceae

 

Habitat: Disturbed pocosins and bottomlands, disturbed areas, moist to dry forests and woodlands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Blackgum, Black Tupelo, Sour Gum

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Nyssa sylvatica   FAMILY: Nyssaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Nyssa sylvatica   FAMILY: Cornaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Nyssa sylvatica var. sylvatica 141-01-001a   FAMILY: Nyssaceae

 

Habitat: Dry or mesic upland forests, less commonly in bottomlands, pine savannas, or upland depressions, where occasionally inundated briefly

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Flowering Dogwood

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Benthamidia florida   FAMILY: Cornaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cornus florida   FAMILY: Cornaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cornus florida 142-01-001   FAMILY: Cornaceae

 

Habitat: In a wide variety of dry to moist forests and woodlands, especially over acidic substrates

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Swamp Dogwood

Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Swida foemina   FAMILY: Cornaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cornus foemina   FAMILY: Cornaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cornus stricta 142-01-005   FAMILY: Cornaceae

 

Habitat: Swamps, streambanks, marshes, alluvial forests

Common (rare in Mountains) (an endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sourwood, Sorrel-tree

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oxydendrum arboreum   FAMILY: Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oxydendrum arboreum   FAMILY: Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oxydendrum arboreum 145-13-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Habitat: Mesic to xeric deciduous forests, especially dry-mesic to xeric oak-hickory and oak-pine forests, and also often in sandhill/pocosin ecotones

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Persimmon, Common Persimmon, Simmon

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Diospyros virginiana   FAMILY: Ebenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Diospyros virginiana   FAMILY: Ebenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Diospyros virginiana 150-01-001   FAMILY: Ebenaceae

 

Habitat: Dry forests and woodlands, longleaf pine sandhills, prairies, disturbed places, floodplain and mesic forests, fencerows, roadsides, other disturbed areas

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Common Silverbell

Weakley's Flora: (4/7/08) Halesia tetraptera var. tetraptera   FAMILY: Styracaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Halesia tetraptera var. tetraptera   FAMILY: Styracaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Halesia carolina 152-01-001   FAMILY: Styracaceae

 

Look for it on moist slopes, in coves, creekbanks, bottomlands

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Ash, American Ash

Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fraxinus americana   FAMILY: Oleaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Fraxinus americana   FAMILY: Oleaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Fraxinus americana var. americana 153-01-002a   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Habitat: Mesic slopes, rich cove forests

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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"New beauty meets us at every step in all our wanderings." — John Muir