Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1193

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Mountains)

Look for it in bottomland forests, esp on levees or second terraces where flooded infrequently and for short periods, less commonly on mesic slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers
Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Quercus nigra   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus nigra   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-03-025:
Quercus nigra   FAMILY Fagaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Water Oak


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_quni_001_lvd

        

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_quni_006_lvd

        

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

JK Marlow    jkm0501b_08

January    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Some green leaves until midwinter, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

JK Marlow    jkm0501c_15

January    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

JK Marlow    jkm090119_003

January    Greenville County    SC

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

JK Marlow    jkm180218_0287

February    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

Gill Newberry    gn03_q_migra_female_flowe

March        

Pistillate flowers solitary or 2-3 on a short spike, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

Gill Newberry    gn03_quercus_nigra

March        

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

Gill Newberry    gn03_quercus_nigra2

March        

Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins, each flower with 3-12 stamens, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

JK Marlow    s050503_b

May    Greenville County    SC

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_nigra_leaves

September        

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

Paul Thompson    pstquercus_nigra

September?        

Note tufts of woolly pubescence on leaf undersides in lateral vein axils. — Clemson Extension

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

JK Marlow    jkm0510c_09

October    Greenville County    SC

Churchyard or cemetery

Thin acorn cup, covering 1/4 nut; nut mostly 10-14mm long and as wide, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

JK Marlow    s041201_b

December    Greenville County    SC

Churchyard or cemetery

Leaves broadest near tip, tapering to a long narrow base, sometimes lobed, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Quercus nigra, image of Quercus nigra

JK Marlow    s041201_c

December    Greenville County    SC

Churchyard or cemetery