Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


305

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist to dry forests and woodlands, esp over calcareous or mafic rocks, also commonly planted as an ornamental, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Rose/Pink (rarely white)
Usually bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed irregularly campanulate calyx
5-parted corolla, vaguely papilionaceous
10 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-04-001:
Cercis canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0303y_07

March    Greenville County    SC

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Keith Bradley    kab_c_canadensis_2506

March    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

Flowers are borne on old wood, and appear in spring before the leaves, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Jan Haldeman    jhh305_a

March?        

"Cauliferous" flowers often grow straight out of trunks and branches, per Pause for Plants by Jan Haldeman.

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Jan Haldeman    jhh305_b

March?        

Calyx reddish or roseate, basally oblique, lobes triangularly dentate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cercis_canadensis_2_s

April        

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140402_181405

April    Spartanburg County    SC

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cercis_canadensis

May        MA

Arnold Arboretum

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cercis_canadensis_10

July        

Bark dark gray to brown, becoming slightly furrowed with thin scaly plates, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cercis_canadensis_12

July        

Leaves palmately veined, glabrous above, bases heart-shaped, margins entire, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    s050902_f

September    Greenville County    SC

Petioles swollen at both ends, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm141024_260

October    Greenville County    SC

Fruit a flat, oblong legume, 3-4" long, stalked, dark brown, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Cercis canadensis, image of Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0411i_07

November    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Fruit often persisting, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.