Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


849

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in mesic forests, cove forests in Mountains to at least 1500m in elevation, bottomland forests & swamps, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-yellow with orange blotch
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
6 petals
Numerous stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Samara

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Liriodendron tulipifera   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 080-01-001:
Liriodendron tulipifera   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Tulip-tree, Yellow Poplar, Whitewood


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_litu_001_lvd

        

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_litu_012_lvd

        

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm0301a_10a

January    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm0401b_20

January    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Bark light gray & smooth on young trunks w black V markings below branches, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm090109_009

January    Greenville County    SC

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Gill Newberry    gn02_l_tulipifera_fruit

February        

Lowermost scales of the conelike upright fruit persist through winter, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Gill Newberry    gn02_l_tuliplifera_branch

February        

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm100314_031

March    Decatur County    GA

Old bark is thickly ridged and furrowed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_tulipifera_2

March        

Mature bark gray to brown, with narrow ridges, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm0104c_08a

April    Greenville County    SC

Every leaf on this particular tree is missing the lower lobes.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm0204f_07

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm120429_896

April    Greenville County    SC

The flower's many stamens and pistils are spirally arranged, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm120429_900

April    Greenville County    SC

Sepals 3, reflexed. Petals 6, in two rows, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm160422_034

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Old bark...

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_tulipifera4211

April    Floyd County    GA

Coosa River Nature Center

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    s000427_g

April    Greenville County    SC

Broadly notched leaves with 4-6 lobes, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    s040405_a

April    Greenville County    SC

Twigs bear large terminal buds with 2 glabrous, valvate scales, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm0305f_22

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Trees grow almost 20 yrs before flowering, then can flower for 200 yrs, per Teaching the Trees by Joan Maloof.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Keith Bradley    kab_l_tulipifera_73546

May    Jackson County?    NC

Nantahala National Forest

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_tulipifera

May        

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_tulipifera_3

May        MA

Arnold Arboretum

The flowers must pollinated within 24 hours after opening or no seeds, per Teaching the Trees by Joan Maloof.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_tulipifera_5

May        

Flowers showy, tulip-shaped, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm0207c_01

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Gill Newberry    gn08_liriodendron_bark

August        

Young trunks smooth, thin, gray, often w white striping as furrows develope, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Paul Thompson    pstliriodendron_tulipife

September?        

Note that the stipule scars encircle the twig. — Clemson Extension

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_tulipifera_1

October        

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Gill Newberry    gn11_l_fall_color

November        

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm0311d_01

November    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

JK Marlow    jkm0411b_22

November    Haywood County    NC

Roadside

image of Liriodendron tulipifera var. tulipifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_tulipif_1_bark

December    Floyd County    GA