Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


637

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist to dryish forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Fall
Yellow/Red
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
4-lobed calyx
4 petals

FRUIT:
Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Saxifragales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana   FAMILY Hamamelidaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hamamelis virginiana   FAMILY Hamamelidaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 095-02-001:
Hamamelis virginiana   FAMILY Hamamelidaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
American Witch-hazel, Northern Witch-hazel


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_havi4_001_lvd

        

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_havi4_007_lvd

        

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    s050316_m

March    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Leaf scars alternate; terminal bud present, naked or scaleless; buds scurfy

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0404y_02

April    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Leaves are wavy-toothed and uneven at base, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Hazel Alder, Hazelnut, Witch Hazel and Witch-alder

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm140418_259

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Last year's calyx lobes.

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm160504_404

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

Often mistaken for fruit capsules are these aphid galls with long spines, per Field Biology in Southeastern Ohio blog spot.

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm160504_408

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm160504_409

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm140607_615

June    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

Base of lateral veins included in leaf tissue (vs. marginal in Fothergilla), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0308s_20

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_h_virginiana_c

August        

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0410h_31

October    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0410h_36

October    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Flowers solitary or 2-3 per axil, often appearing after leaves fall, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm111008_935

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Four yellow, thread-like, twisted petals about 1" long, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_h_virginiana_6

October        

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

Richard Ware & Teresa Ware    rtw_h_virginiana_6b

October        

Calyx lobes 4, reflexed, adnate to ovary, adaxially yellow-green to yellow, per Flora of North America.

image of Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana

Ron Lance    rwl637_a

November