Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3420

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas

Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Uncommon in NC, rare in SC

Look for it in moist to seasonally inundated sandy soils of fields, meadows, trail edges, and forest clearings adjacent to rivers and coastal marshes, also peaty river shores, per Weakley's Flora

map
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...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems)
Foliage glabrous or glabrate

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bilaterally symmetrical
Spurred and lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Viola brittoniana   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola brittoniana var. brittoniana   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola brittoniana

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola pedatifida ssp. brittoniana

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-012a:
Viola brittoniana var. brittoniana   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Viola brittoniana

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Coastal Violet, Coast Violet, Britton's Violet


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Viola brittoniana, Northern Coastal Violet, Coast Violet, Britton's Violet

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vipe9_001_lvd

        

[var. pectinata] has somewhat triangular leaves and large sharp basal teeth, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Viola brittoniana, Northern Coastal Violet, Coast Violet, Britton's Violet

Bruce A. Sorrie    bas_viola_brittoniana1

June    Richmond County    NC

Leaves typically cleft into 7-11 linear segments, middle one often wider, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.