Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
You may also want to check Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina
Learn more about Virgin's Bower from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 076-10-007:
Clematis virginiana FAMILY Ranunculaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow s060520_a
May Jackson County NC
The three leaflets are coarsely toothed, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Newcomb, 1977).
COMPARE leaves of Clematis species
JK Marlow jkm0407k_33
July Jackson County NC
3 ~ symmetrical leaflets (vs. 3-many irregular leaflets of C. viorna & crispa), per Weakley's Flora.
JK Marlow jkm0408e_23
August Greenville County SC
Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve
Clematis is unique within the Ranunculaceae in having opposite leaves, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains (Smith, 1998).
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_clematis_virginiana
Both this & C. terniflora have 4 white oval spreading sepals about 1/2" long, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains (Smith, 1998).
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_clematis_virginiana_4
Mostly dioecious, but with some perfect flowers (polygamo-dioecious), per Weakley's Flora (2012).
JK Marlow jkm140906_324
September Jackson County NC
Fruit a cluster of achenes with long curved feather-like tails (styles), per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).
COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of achenes
Flora of North America
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Polygamo-dioecious [mostly dioecious, but with some bisexual flowers]
Habitat: In a wide variety of moist forests, thickets, and openings, per Weakley's Flora
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Common (rare in Coastal Plain)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
Odd-pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
4 petaloid sepals
Flowers in axillary clusters
Aggregate of achenes
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee (Hunter, 2002) p223
- Great Smoky Mountains Wildflowers (Campbell, Hutson, Sharp, & Hutson, 1962) p116
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 1st ed. (Porcher & Rayner, 2001) p151
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p183
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p515
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Newcomb, 1977) p170
- Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition (Justice, Bell, & Lindsey, 2005) p075
- Field Guide to the Wildflowers of Georgia (Chafin, 2016) p304
- Wildflowers of Tennessee (Carman, 2005) p036
- Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005) p057
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p05
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p104
- Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains (Smith, 1998) p045
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