Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


319

Shrub; Tree
Perennial
Dioecious or polygamous

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in dry, mesic, or wet forests & woodlands, granitic flatrocks & domes, glades & barrens over various rocks (including granite, greenstone, etc.), swamp forests in the Coastal Plain, rarely pocosins, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Bisexual or functionally unisexual
Radially symmetrical
4-merous
4 sepals
4 petals

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Blue
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Chionanthus virginicus   FAMILY Oleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Chionanthus virginicus   FAMILY Oleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 153-03-001:
Chionanthus virginicus   FAMILY Oleaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Fringetree, Grancy Graybeard, Old Man's Beard, Grandsir-graybeard


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_chvi3_001_lvd

        

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_chvi3_009_lvd

        

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_chvi3_012_lvd

        

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

Gill Newberry    gn04_c_at_river_edge

April        

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

Gill Newberry    gn04_chioanthus_flowers

April        

Four sepals, each 1-2mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm0204v_09a

April    Greenville County    SC

A traditional southern yard plant, often used as a "specimen plant", per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm0404k_34

April    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_virginicus_5

April        

The flowers have unmistakable, creamy-white, 0.75-1.25" strap-shaped petals, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_virginicus_male_1

April        

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm180506_2003

May    Crawford County    GA

Each panicle w tripartite branching & sometimes pairs of small leafy bracts, per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_virginicus_fringe_2

May        

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

Ron Lance    rwl319_a

May        

Large drooping clusters of small fragrant flowers with 4 linear white petals, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm0407b_18

July    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm0407b_19

July    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm120804_259

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Pistillate plants produce oval, purplish drupes to 2cm long, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm120804_261

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    s080919_a

September    Greenville County    SC

Leaves elliptic or obovate, leaf base cuneate to attenuate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm101120_272

November    Greenville County    SC

picture of Chionanthus virginicus, image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm101120_277

November    Greenville County    SC

Bark is gray, mostly smooth, but marked by numerous raised lenticels, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.