Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


30

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in NC, rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in swamp forests, usually stagnant, usually blackwater (not receiving significant alluvium), and esp over marl (coquina limestone), per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Palmately compound
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
Red
Bisexual
5-lobed calyx
4 petals
6-8 exserted stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Sapindales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Aesculus pavia var. pavia   FAMILY Sapindaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aesculus pavia var. pavia   FAMILY Hippocastanaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 116-01-002:
Aesculus pavia   FAMILY Hippocastanaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Red Buckeye


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

JK Marlow    jkm070414_029

April    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

In general, Red Buckeye is found on the Coastal Plain, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

JK Marlow    jkm110415_445

April    Carroll County    GA

Glandular-hairy tubular calyx. Usually 7 unequal, slightly exserted stamens, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of Buckeye species

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

JK Marlow    jkm110415_447

April    Carroll County    GA

Stamens 6-8 and longer than lateral petals, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

JK Marlow    jkm0405g_27

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Grows as high as 12 m, sometimes flowers when scarcely 1 m tall, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

JK Marlow    jkm0405g_29

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

JK Marlow    jkm0505l_23

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Opposite, palmately compound leaves with 5-7 pinnately veined leaflets, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_aesculus_pavia_pavia

June        

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

Sam Pratt    sbp_092513_2006

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Fruit similar to that of other buckeyes except usually slightly smaller, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Aesculus pavia var. pavia

Sam Pratt    sbp_092513_2008

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Capsule 3.5-6cm broad; seeds tan or light brown, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.