Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


273

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to North Carolina & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Rare

Look for it in moist circumneutral, alluvial levee forests along brownwater rivers of the Coastal Plain (NC), streams of the Piedmont (NC) and Mountains (GA), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 7-9 leaflets, usually 7
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-3 lobed
Inferior ovary
Staminate flowers in elongate catkins

FRUIT:
Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Carya laciniosa   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Carya laciniosa   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 053-02-007:
Carya laciniosa   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hicoria laciniosa

 

COMMON NAME:
Big Shellbark Hickory, Kingnut Hickory


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_cala21_003_lvd

        

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_hila7_001_lvd

        

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_laciniosa_16

May        

Bark gray, scaly, with long strap-like plates, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_laciniosa_8

May        

Leaf rachises may persist on twig into winter, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_laciniosa_19

June        

Twigs sandy, buff, or orange-brown; terminal bud abruptly tapered, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_laciniosa_32

August        

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_laciniosa_7

August        

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

Ron Lance    rwl_caryalaciniosa

August        

In cultivation

Leaflets 7 (usually) to 9, lance-shaped to obovate, margins finely serrate, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_laciniosa_20

October        

Husks about 1/4" thick, lacking wings; seeds edible and sweet, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya laciniosa, image of Carya laciniosa

Ron Lance    jkm110219_636b

Month Unknown        

Fruits the largest of the genus (to 8cm long!). Husks 8-14mm thick, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.