Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2144

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont

Look for it in shaded wet places, such as swampy forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, with short bracts upward

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Yellowish-green/ Greenish
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary
Raceme

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Platanthera flava   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Platanthera flava var. flava   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 049-03-010a:
Habenaria flava var. flava   FAMILY Orchidaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Perularia bidentata

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Perularia scutellata

 

COMMON NAME:
Tubercled Orchid, Southern Rein Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Platanthera flava, Tubercled Orchid, Southern Rein Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pefl13_001_lvd

        

image of Platanthera flava, Tubercled Orchid, Southern Rein Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike

Jim Fowler    jafp8025065

August    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

A loose terminal spike of 10-40 yellowish-green flowers, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Platanthera flava, Tubercled Orchid, Southern Rein Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike

Jim Fowler    jafpflavaflava_1

August    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

image of Platanthera flava, Tubercled Orchid, Southern Rein Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike

Jim Fowler    jafpflavaflava_group

August    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Leaves lanceolate, 2-8" long, reduced upward to short bracts, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.