Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


193

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in GA Piedmont & Coastal Plain)

Look for it in sandhills, pine flatwoods, xeric woodlands, ridges, woodland edges, & roadbanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Palmately compound: 3 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
4-5 toothed or lobed calyx
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Baptisia tinctoria   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Baptisia tinctoria   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-09-007:
Baptisia tinctoria   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Horsefly Weed, Yellow Wild Indigo, Yellow False-indigo, Rattleweed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_bati_001_lvd

        

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmbtinctoria_srec1

May    Richland County    SC

Sandhills Recreation Center

Recognized by its small yellow flowers, small leaflets, and small fruits, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm0506g_32

June    Oconee County    SC

Roadside

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_b_tinctoria_4

June        

Calyx persistent, campanulate, tube 2-3mm long, upper teeth ca. 0.5mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

JK Marlow    s050618_b

June    Oconee County    SC

Roadside

Small obovate leaflets tapered at the base and nearly sessile, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and palmately compound

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

JK Marlow    s050618_e

June    Oconee County    SC

Roadside

Flowers are yellow, 1/2" long, few at the ends of branches, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm0508f_05

August    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm061029_064

October    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Legume glabrous, subglobose to ovoid, body 7-9mm long, 6-8mm in diameter, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Baptisia tinctoria, image of Baptisia tinctoria

JK Marlow    s071021_f

October    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

At one time this served as a substitute for true indigo, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.