OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America

Dichanthelium clandestinum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-81-061:

Panicum clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)

Panicum clandestinum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Panicum clandestinum

 

COMMON NAME:
Deer-tongue Witchgrass


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_dicl_002_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pacl5_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9170

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5183

May    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Vernal inflorescences visible; autumnal ones hidden within the leaf sheaths, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5190

May    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Vernal culms in large clumps, robust, tall (up to 1.5m), per The Grasses of North Carolina (Blomquist, 1948).

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5192

May    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Blades spreading or finally reflexed, 10-20cm long, 1.2-3cm wide, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950).

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200526_5336

May    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Leaf sheaths often overlapping (thus, parts of the stem are not visible), per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200528_5357

May    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Leaf sheaths (at least the lower ones) papillose-hispid with spreading hairs, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200528_5361

May    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Node.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm210610_1255

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200703_6385

July    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200703_6387

July    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm210714_2218

July    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Vernal culms in large dense clumps, 70-150cm tall, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950).

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm130824_586

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Blades glabrous both surfaces, margins scaberulose, bases cordate, ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm130824_592

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Seed from reduced panicles of summer-fall cleistogamous flowers in leaf sheath

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm130824_595

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Sheaths papillose-hirsute to almost glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm111008_784

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm111008_786

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Autumnal culms erect or leaning, the branches leafy, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950).

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Dichanthelium clandestinum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-81-061:
Panicum clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum clandestinum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Panicum clandestinum

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1882

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Habitat: Shaded to filtered woodlands, ditches and low areas, and often in moist sandy soil, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Carolina Mountains & Piedmont (rare in GA Coastal Plain) (uncommon elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall

Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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