Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on a particular plant will lead you to more information and/or photographs:

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 298 taxa in the family Poaceae, Grass family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

                               

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Cane, Giant Cane
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Arundinaria gigantea 029-01-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland and riparian forests, lower slopes and bluffs along streams, seeps, stream banks, and extending into less mesic and even dry settings on circumneutral or alkaline soils over limestone or dolomite

Common (uncommon in Carolina Piedmont, rare in Carolina Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hill Cane
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Arundinaria appalachiana   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Arundinaria appalachiana   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Arundinaria gigantea 029-01-001?   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in dry to moist forests on slopes

Common in Mountains (rare to uncommon in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Switch Cane, Small Cane, Mutton Grass
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Arundinaria tecta   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Arundinaria tecta   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Arundinaria gigantea 029-01-001?   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, pocosins, canebrakes, generally (but not solely) in wetlands

Common, primarily endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


need drawing of Pseudosasa japonica, Arrow Bamboo need picture of leaf or frond of Pseudosasa japonica, Arrow Bamboo need picture of flower of Pseudosasa japonica, Arrow Bamboo need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Pseudosasa japonica, Arrow Bamboo need picture of fruit of Pseudosasa japonica, Arrow Bamboo
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speaker icon Common Name: Arrow Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pseudosasa japonica   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pseudosasa japonica   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it to be persistent or spreading from plantings

Rare (cultivated as an ornamental)

Non-native: Japan

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Golden Bamboo, Fishpole Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Phyllostachys aurea   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys aurea   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Phyllostachys aurea 029-02-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in suburban woodlands

Common in GA, uncommon in Carolina Piedmont & Coastal Plain, rare Carolina Mtns

Non-native: China & Japan

 


need drawing of Phyllostachys aureosulcata, Yellow-groove Bamboo need picture of leaf or frond of Phyllostachys aureosulcata, Yellow-groove Bamboo need picture of flower of Phyllostachys aureosulcata, Yellow-groove Bamboo need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Phyllostachys aureosulcata, Yellow-groove Bamboo need picture of fruit of Phyllostachys aureosulcata, Yellow-groove Bamboo
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camera icon Common Name: Yellow-groove Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Phyllostachys aureosulcata   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys aureosulcata   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it to be persistent or spreading from ornamental plantings

Rare

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon Common Name: Giant Timber Bamboo, Japanese Timber Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Phyllostachys bambusoides   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys bambusoides   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it to be persistent or spreading from ornamental plantings

Rare

Non-native: China

 


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Common Name: Moso Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Phyllostachys heterocycla   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys edulis   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it to be persistent or spreading from ornamental plantings

Waif(s)

Non-native: China

 


need drawing of Phyllostachys makinoi, Makinoi Bamboo need picture of leaf or frond of Phyllostachys makinoi, Makinoi Bamboo need picture of flower of Phyllostachys makinoi, Makinoi Bamboo need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Phyllostachys makinoi, Makinoi Bamboo need picture of fruit of Phyllostachys makinoi, Makinoi Bamboo
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camera icon Common Name: Makinoi Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) -   FAMILY: Poaceae
PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys makinoi   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Non-native

 


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Common Name: Black Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Phyllostachys nigra   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys nigra   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it to be persistent or spreading from ornamental plantings

Waif(s)

Non-native: China & Japan

 


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Common Name: reddish bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Phyllostachys rubromarginata   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys rubromarginata   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it to be persistent or spreading from ornamental plantings

Waif(s)

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon Common Name: Pampas Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cortaderia selloana   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cortaderia selloana   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cortaderia selloana 029-03-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare, cultivated & rarely escaping

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Giant Reed
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Arundo donax   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Arundo donax   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Arundo donax 029-04-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Uncommon

Non-native: Old World

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Reed
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Phragmites australis   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Phragmites australis   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Phragmites communis 029-05-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in brackish and freshwater marshes, dredge-spoil deposit islands, ditches

Common in outer Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere)

Non-native

 


drawing of Tridens carolinianus, Carolina Triodia, Carolina Fluffgrass need picture of leaf or frond of Tridens carolinianus, Carolina Triodia, Carolina Fluffgrass need picture of flower of Tridens carolinianus, Carolina Triodia, Carolina Fluffgrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Tridens carolinianus, Carolina Triodia, Carolina Fluffgrass need picture of fruit of Tridens carolinianus, Carolina Triodia, Carolina Fluffgrass
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camera icon Common Name: Carolina Triodia, Carolina Fluffgrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Tridens carolinianus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tridens carolinianus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Tridens carolinianus 029-08-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in mesic swales in sandhills

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Longspike Tridens, Longspike Fluffgrass, Spike Triodia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Tridens strictus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tridens strictus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Tridens strictus 029-08-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in sandhills, moist pine savannas, roadsides

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia? perhaps introduced north & east of GA

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Purpletop, Purpletop Tridens, Greasy Grass, Tall Redtop
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Tridens flavus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tridens flavus var. flavus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Tridens flavus var. flavus 029-08-004a   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in disturbed areas, glades

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


need drawing of Triplasis americana, Southern Sandgrass, Perennial Sandgrass need picture of leaf or frond of Triplasis americana, Southern Sandgrass, Perennial Sandgrass need picture of flower of Triplasis americana, Southern Sandgrass, Perennial Sandgrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Triplasis americana, Southern Sandgrass, Perennial Sandgrass fruit of Triplasis americana, Southern Sandgrass, Perennial Sandgrass
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camera icon Common Name: Southern Sandgrass, Perennial Sandgrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Triplasis americana   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Triplasis americana   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Triplasis americana 029-09-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in open sandy areas

Common in Coastal Plain (endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


need drawing of Triplasis purpurea var. purpurea, Purple Sandgrass need picture of leaf or frond of Triplasis purpurea var. purpurea, Purple Sandgrass need picture of flower of Triplasis purpurea var. purpurea, Purple Sandgrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Triplasis purpurea var. purpurea, Purple Sandgrass fruit of Triplasis purpurea var. purpurea, Purple Sandgrass
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camera icon Common Name: Purple Sandgrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Triplasis purpurea var. purpurea   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Triplasis purpurea   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Triplasis purpurea 029-09-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on dunes, maritime dry grasslands, open sandy areas

Common in Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Slender Woodoats, Slender Spikegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chasmanthium laxum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chasmanthium laxum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Uniola laxa 029-10-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in savanna-pocosin ecotones, sandhill-pocosin ecotones, moist hardwood swamps, other moist habitats

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Longleaf Woodoats, Longleaf Spikegrass, Upland Oats
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chasmanthium sessiliflorum var. sessiliflorum   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Chasmanthium sessiliflorum   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Uniola sessiliflora 029-10-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist hardwood forests, swamps, other moist habitats

Common (uncommon or rare north of SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Oats, Northern Sea Oats, Fish-on-a-Pole, Indian Woodoats
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chasmanthium latifolium   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chasmanthium latifolium   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Uniola latifolia 029-10-003   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on riverbanks, streambanks, in bottomland forests, seepages & glades over mafic or calcareous rock, usually in nutrient-rich soils

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sea Oats
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Uniola paniculata   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Uniola paniculata   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Uniola paniculata 029-10-004   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it - it's abundant on unforested primary & secondary dunes on barrier islands, and on dry to mesic sand flats & interdune swales

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Eragrostis cilianensis, Stinkgrass need picture of leaf or frond of Eragrostis cilianensis, Stinkgrass need picture of flower of Eragrostis cilianensis, Stinkgrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Eragrostis cilianensis, Stinkgrass need picture of fruit of Eragrostis cilianensis, Stinkgrass
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Common Name: Stinkgrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis cilianensis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis cilianensis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis cilianensis 029-11-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, disturbed areas

Common in Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont, rare in SC Coastal Plain

Non-native: Europe

 


drawing of Eragrostis ciliaris var. ciliaris, gophertail lovegrass need picture of leaf or frond of Eragrostis ciliaris var. ciliaris, gophertail lovegrass need picture of flower of Eragrostis ciliaris var. ciliaris, gophertail lovegrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Eragrostis ciliaris var. ciliaris, gophertail lovegrass fruit of Eragrostis ciliaris var. ciliaris, gophertail lovegrass
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camera icon Common Name: gophertail lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Eragrostis ciliaris var. ciliaris   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis ciliaris   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis ciliaris 029-11-003   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on sandy shores

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Eragrostis hypnoides, Creeping Lovegrass, Teal Lovegrass need picture of leaf or frond of Eragrostis hypnoides, Creeping Lovegrass, Teal Lovegrass need picture of flower of Eragrostis hypnoides, Creeping Lovegrass, Teal Lovegrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Eragrostis hypnoides, Creeping Lovegrass, Teal Lovegrass need picture of fruit of Eragrostis hypnoides, Creeping Lovegrass, Teal Lovegrass
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camera icon Common Name: Creeping Lovegrass, Teal Lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis hypnoides   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis hypnoides   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis hypnoides 029-11-005   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in marshes, on shores, riverbanks

Uncommon (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Lacegrass, Lace Lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis capillaris   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis capillaris   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis capillaris 029-11-006   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common in Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont & Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Weeping Lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis curvula   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis curvula   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis curvula 029-11-007   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides

Common

Non-native: southern Africa

 


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camera icon Common Name: Bigtop Lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis hirsuta   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis hirsuta   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis hirsuta 029-11-009   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Eragrostis pilosa var. pilosa, India Lovegrass need picture of leaf or frond of Eragrostis pilosa var. pilosa, India Lovegrass need picture of flower of Eragrostis pilosa var. pilosa, India Lovegrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Eragrostis pilosa var. pilosa, India Lovegrass need picture of fruit of Eragrostis pilosa var. pilosa, India Lovegrass
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speaker icon Common Name: India Lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis pilosa var. pilosa   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis pilosa   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis pilosa 029-11-011   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Tropics

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Purple Lovegrass, Tumblegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis spectabilis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis spectabilis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis spectabilis 029-11-012   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in sandy fields, roadsides, woodlands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Eragrostis elliottii, Elliott's Lovegrass need picture of leaf or frond of Eragrostis elliottii, Elliott's Lovegrass need picture of flower of Eragrostis elliottii, Elliott's Lovegrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Eragrostis elliottii, Elliott's Lovegrass fruit of Eragrostis elliottii, Elliott's Lovegrass
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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Elliott's Lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Eragrostis elliottii   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis elliottii   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis elliottii 029-11-014   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in ultisol wet pine savannas, maritime wet grasslands, inland edges of brackish marshes, inland edges of freshwater tidal marshes, calcareously-influenced wet pine savannas

Common in GA, uncommon in SC Coastal Plain, rare northwards

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Briza minor, Lesser Quaking-grass need picture of leaf or frond of Briza minor, Lesser Quaking-grass need picture of flower of Briza minor, Lesser Quaking-grass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Briza minor, Lesser Quaking-grass need picture of fruit of Briza minor, Lesser Quaking-grass
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Common Name: Lesser Quaking-grass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Briza minor   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Briza minor   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Briza minor 029-12-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, roadsides, powerline rights-of-way, other disturbed areas

Common (rare in Mountains, rare in NC Piedmont)

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Orchard Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Dactylis glomerata   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Dactylis glomerata +   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Dactylis glomerata 029-13-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in pastures, fields, woodland edges, roadsides

Common (uncommon in NC-SC, uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon Common Name: Downy Brome, Downy Chess, Downy Cheat, Cheatgrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Bromus tectorum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bromus tectorum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus tectorum 029-14-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Europe

 


need drawing of Polypogon monspeliensis, Annual Rabbitsfoot Grass, Beardgrass, Annual Beardgrass need picture of leaf or frond of Polypogon monspeliensis, Annual Rabbitsfoot Grass, Beardgrass, Annual Beardgrass need picture of flower of Polypogon monspeliensis, Annual Rabbitsfoot Grass, Beardgrass, Annual Beardgrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Polypogon monspeliensis, Annual Rabbitsfoot Grass, Beardgrass, Annual Beardgrass fruit of Polypogon monspeliensis, Annual Rabbitsfoot Grass, Beardgrass, Annual Beardgrass
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camera icon Common Name: Annual Rabbitsfoot Grass, Beardgrass, Annual Beardgrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Polypogon monspeliensis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polypogon monspeliensis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Polypogon monspeliensis 029-14-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in brackish marshes, disturbed areas

Common (uncommon in NC, rare in GA Piedmont)

Non-native: southern Europe to western Asia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Poverty Brome, Barren Brome, Cheatgrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Bromus sterilis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bromus sterilis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus sterilis 029-14-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare in NC

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon Common Name: Smooth Brome, Hungarian Brome
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Bromus inermis   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Bromus inermis ssp. inermis var. inermis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus inermis 029-14-004   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common in Mountains (rare in Coastal Plain)

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hairy Woodland Brome, Common Eastern Brome, Canada Brome
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Bromus pubescens   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bromus pubescens   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus purgans 029-14-006   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in mesic forests, generally on rocky slopes

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Bromus latiglumis, Riverbank Brome, Auricled Brome, Hairy Woodbrome, Earlyleaf Brome need picture of leaf or frond of Bromus latiglumis, Riverbank Brome, Auricled Brome, Hairy Woodbrome, Earlyleaf Brome need picture of flower of Bromus latiglumis, Riverbank Brome, Auricled Brome, Hairy Woodbrome, Earlyleaf Brome need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Bromus latiglumis, Riverbank Brome, Auricled Brome, Hairy Woodbrome, Earlyleaf Brome need picture of fruit of Bromus latiglumis, Riverbank Brome, Auricled Brome, Hairy Woodbrome, Earlyleaf Brome
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Common Name: Riverbank Brome, Auricled Brome, Hairy Woodbrome, Earlyleaf Brome
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Bromus latiglumis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bromus latiglumis   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus purgans 029-14-006?   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in alluvial soils along rivers

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


drawing of Bromus nottowayanus, Satin Brome, Virginia Brome, Nottoway River Brome need picture of leaf or frond of Bromus nottowayanus, Satin Brome, Virginia Brome, Nottoway River Brome need picture of flower of Bromus nottowayanus, Satin Brome, Virginia Brome, Nottoway River Brome need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Bromus nottowayanus, Satin Brome, Virginia Brome, Nottoway River Brome fruit of Bromus nottowayanus, Satin Brome, Virginia Brome, Nottoway River Brome
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camera icon Common Name: Satin Brome, Virginia Brome, Nottoway River Brome
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Bromus nottowayanus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bromus nottowayanus   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus purgans 029-14-006?   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, especially along small stream bottoms

Rare? The range of this species is poorly known, owing to confusion between it, B. pubescens & B. latiglumis

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rescue Grass
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Bromus catharticus var. catharticus   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Bromus catharticus   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus catharticus 029-14-007   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common (rare in Mountains, uncommon in GA Piedmont)

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Cheat, Common Chess, Rye Brome
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Bromus secalinus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bromus secalinus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus secalinus 029-14-008   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common (uncommon in Mountains & GA Piedmont, rare in GA Mtns & GA Coastal Plain)

Non-native: Europe

 


drawing of Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus, Soft Chess, Lopgrass, Soft Brome need picture of leaf or frond of Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus, Soft Chess, Lopgrass, Soft Brome need picture of flower of Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus, Soft Chess, Lopgrass, Soft Brome need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus, Soft Chess, Lopgrass, Soft Brome need picture of fruit of Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus, Soft Chess, Lopgrass, Soft Brome
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Common Name: Soft Chess, Lopgrass, Soft Brome
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus mollis 029-14-009   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon Common Name: Hairy Chess, Meadow Brome
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Bromus commutatus   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Bromus racemosus   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus commutatus 029-14-010   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Europe

 


drawing of Bromus racemosus, Smooth Brome, Bald Brome need picture of leaf or frond of Bromus racemosus, Smooth Brome, Bald Brome need picture of flower of Bromus racemosus, Smooth Brome, Bald Brome need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Bromus racemosus, Smooth Brome, Bald Brome need picture of fruit of Bromus racemosus, Smooth Brome, Bald Brome
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Common Name: Smooth Brome, Bald Brome
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Bromus racemosus   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Bromus racemosus   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus commutatus 029-14-010?   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Non-native: Europe

 


drawing of Bromus japonicus, Japanese Chess, Japanese Brome need picture of leaf or frond of Bromus japonicus, Japanese Chess, Japanese Brome need picture of flower of Bromus japonicus, Japanese Chess, Japanese Brome need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Bromus japonicus, Japanese Chess, Japanese Brome need picture of fruit of Bromus japonicus, Japanese Chess, Japanese Brome
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camera icon Common Name: Japanese Chess, Japanese Brome
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Bromus japonicus   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Bromus arvensis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus japonicus 029-14-011   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Asia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Field Brome
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Bromus arvensis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bromus arvensis   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Annual Bluegrass, Six-weeks Grass, Speargass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Poa annua   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Poa annua   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Poa annua 029-15-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Canada Bluegrass, Flat-stemmed Bluegrass
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Poa compressa   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Poa compressa   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Poa compressa 029-15-003   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas

Uncommon (common in NC Mtns; rare in GA Piedmont & SC Coastal Plain)

Non-native: Europe (?) (but often found in remote natural areas)

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Autumn Bluegrass
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Poa autumnalis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Poa autumnalis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Poa autumnalis 029-15-006   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist or dry nutrient-rich forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Poa trivialis ssp. trivialis, Rough Bluegrass need picture of leaf or frond of Poa trivialis ssp. trivialis, Rough Bluegrass need picture of flower of Poa trivialis ssp. trivialis, Rough Bluegrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Poa trivialis ssp. trivialis, Rough Bluegrass need picture of fruit of Poa trivialis ssp. trivialis, Rough Bluegrass
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Common Name: Rough Bluegrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Poa trivialis ssp. trivialis   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Poa trivialis   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Poa trivialis 029-15-009   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, disturbed areas, bottomlands

Common

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: early bluegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Poa cuspidata   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Poa cuspidata   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Poa cuspidata 029-15-011   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Poa sylvestris, Forest Bluegrass, Woodland Bluegrass need picture of leaf or frond of Poa sylvestris, Forest Bluegrass, Woodland Bluegrass need picture of flower of Poa sylvestris, Forest Bluegrass, Woodland Bluegrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Poa sylvestris, Forest Bluegrass, Woodland Bluegrass need picture of fruit of Poa sylvestris, Forest Bluegrass, Woodland Bluegrass
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Common Name: Forest Bluegrass, Woodland Bluegrass
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Poa sylvestris   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Poa sylvestris   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Poa sylvestris 029-15-012   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist to dry-mesic forests

Common in GA & NC Mountains, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Kentucky Bluegrass, Junegrass, Speargrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Poa pratensis 029-15-013   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in lawns, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Two-flower Melicgrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Melica mutica   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Melica mutica   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Melica mutica 029-16-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in forests and woodlands, including coastal fringe and maritime forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Mannagrass, Floating Mannagrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Glyceria septentrionalis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Glyceria septentrionalis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Glyceria septentrionalis 029-17-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in shallow water, wet mucky soils, floodplain sloughs, cypress ponds

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Fowl Mannagrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Glyceria striata var. striata   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Glyceria striata   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Glyceria striata 029-17-007   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in wet meadows, seepages, bogs, marshes, swamp forests, freshwater tidal marshes, bottomland forests in mesic soils

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rat-tail Fescue
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Festuca myuros   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Vulpia myuros   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Festuca myuros 029-18-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in fields, disturbed areas

Common (uncommon in Mtns & GA Pdmt) (rare in GA Coastal Plain & NC Mtns)

Non-native: Eurasia

 


drawing of Festuca octoflora var. octoflora, Southern Six-weeks Fescue need picture of leaf or frond of Festuca octoflora var. octoflora, Southern Six-weeks Fescue need picture of flower of Festuca octoflora var. octoflora, Southern Six-weeks Fescue need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Festuca octoflora var. octoflora, Southern Six-weeks Fescue fruit of Festuca octoflora var. octoflora, Southern Six-weeks Fescue
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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Six-weeks Fescue
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Festuca octoflora var. octoflora   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Festuca octoflora 029-18-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, on roadsides, in disturbed areas

Common (uncommon in GA Mountains & Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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