Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1648

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont

Look for it in acidic coves, dry-mesic oak forests, bluff forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Margins serrate
Leaf blade glabrous or glabrate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Viola hastata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola hastata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-019:
Viola hastata   FAMILY Violaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viha2_001_lvd

        

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0403c_04

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Petals yellow, purplish on the back, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm070324_027

March    Greenville County    SC

Lateral petals bearded, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm070324_031

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

Keith Bradley    kab_viola_hastata_1839

March    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25408

April    Clay County    NC

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25408b

April    Clay County    NC

Leaf blades hastate, distinctly longer than wide. Leaf bases strongly cordate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0304d_15

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0404t_35

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Sepals of chasmogamous flowers eciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm100402_099

April    Oconee County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm140412_925

April    Transylvania County    NC

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm190413_7368

April    Rabun County    GA

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

JK Marlow    jkm200418_3912

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Capsule 6-7mm long, glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_hastata_2

April        

A "leafy-stemmed" Violet species bears flowers in the leaf axils, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

Steve Marlow    snm080halberdlfcap

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Violet capsules are dry dehiscent fruits that split open into three sections.

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvhastata_leefalls2

April?    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Viola hastata, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet

Tim Spira    tpsvhastata

Month Unknown