Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


129

Grass, Sedge, or Rush; Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Carolina Piedmont, rare in Carolina Coastal Plain)

Look for it in swamps, floodplains, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Grain Brown
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY Poaceae

(?) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-01-001:
Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Arundinaria gigantea ssp. gigantea

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Arundinaria gigantea

 

COMMON NAME:
River Cane, Giant Cane


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_argi_001_lvd

        

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_argi_003_lvd

        

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_argi_004_lvd

        

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

JK Marlow    jkm0403p_11

March    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

Margaret Cirtain    mcc_060517dahomey050b

May        

Its flowering and subsequent death reported to be at 30-40 year intervals, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

JK Marlow    jkm0406m_32

June    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Bristles 6-9mm long on both sides of the throat, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

JK Marlow    jkm0308h_06

August    Chester County    SC

Landsford Canal State Park

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

Gill Newberry    gn09_arundinaria

September        

Leaves grass-like, lanceolate, base rounded, tip long-tapering, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

JK Marlow    jkm0210c_21

October    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

The genus Arundinaria is our only native member of the bamboo tribe, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

JK Marlow    jkm0210d_02

October    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Upright, woody grass 3-6' tall (possibly reaching 30' tall), per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

picture of Arundinaria gigantea, image of Arundinaria gigantea

JK Marlow    jkm071231_010

December    McCormick County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Our "canebrakes," large areas covered by dense stands of cane, are mostly gone.