Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


109

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in GA-SC Piedmont)

Look for it in rich mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal: a solitary leaf

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish-green with purplish-brown tips
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Aplectrum hyemale   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aplectrum hyemale   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-18-001:
Aplectrum hyemale   FAMILY Orchidaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Puttyroot, Adam-and-Eve


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_aphy_001_lvd

        

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

JK Marlow    jkm080322_022

March    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

The leaf has the appearance of an unfolded accordion, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

JK Marlow    jkm110313_979

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

A solitary elliptic leaf to 6" long, with many narrow white ridges, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_aplectrum_hyemale

April        

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

JK Marlow    jkm0505j_28b

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Flowers dull yellow or green with mahogany or purplish-brown tips, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

Keith Bradley    kab_a_hyemale_73141

May        NC

Pisgah National Forest

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_a_hyemale_puttyroo_17

May        

Each stalk may contain 10 to 24 one-inch flowers, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

JK Marlow    jkm150827_953

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Capsule ellipsoid, pendant, 1.5-2.3cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Aplectrum hyemale, image of Aplectrum hyemale

JK Marlow    jkm0310g_18

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Like Tipularia, its single, overwintering leaf withers before flowers appear, per Weakley's Flora.