Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 41 taxa.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Cane, Giant Cane
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Arundinaria gigantea 029-01-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland and riparian forests, lower slopes and bluffs along streams, seeps, stream banks, and extending into less mesic and even dry settings on circumneutral or alkaline soils over limestone or dolomite

Common (uncommon in Carolina Piedmont, rare in Carolina Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix nigra   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix nigra   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix nigra 051-01-007   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it on riverbanks, sandbars, other moist areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Tag Alder, Hazel Alder, Smooth Alder
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Alnus serrulata   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Alnus serrulata   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Alnus serrulata 054-01-002   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in streambanks, bogs, wet thickets

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Georgia Hackberry, Dwarf Hackberry
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Celtis pumila   FAMILY: Cannabaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Celtis tenuifolia   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana 056-03-002b   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in xeric to mesic glades, outcrops, barrens, woodlands, exposed bluffs, stream banks, and disturbed areas, often over calcareous substrate

Common (uncommon in Mountains & Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Paper Mulberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Broussonetia papyrifera   FAMILY: Moraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Broussonetia papyrifera   FAMILY: Moraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Broussonetia papyrifera 057-01-001   FAMILY: Moraceae

 

Look for it in urban lots, disturbed areas, roadsides

Common

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Leatherleaf Mahonia, Chinese Mahonia, Holly-grape
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Mahonia bealei   FAMILY: Berberidaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Mahonia bealei   FAMILY: Berberidaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Mahonia bealei 077-02-001   FAMILY: Berberidaceae

 

Look for it in deciduous forests in suburban areas, spread from plantings

Uncommon in Piedmont (rare elesewhere), but naturalizing widely in the Southeast

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Nandina, Heavenly-bamboo, Sacred-bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Nandina domestica   FAMILY: Berberidaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Nandina domestica   FAMILY: Berberidaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Nandina domestica 077-03-001   FAMILY: Berberidaceae

 

Look for it in forests and woodlands in suburban areas, commonly planted, increasingly escaping and naturalizing

Uncommon (rare in Mountains)

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Virginia Sweetspire, Virginia-willow
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Itea virginica   FAMILY: Iteaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Itea virginica   FAMILY: Grossulariaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Itea virginica 094-01-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests & thickets, esp along the banks of small streams

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Appalachian Mock-orange, Scentless Mock-orange
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Philadelphus inodorus   FAMILY: Hydrangeaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Philadelphus inodorus   FAMILY: Hydrangeaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Philadelphus inodorus 094-04-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests & woodlands, rocky bluffs over mafic or calcareous rocks, & also cultivated & persistent

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Witch-hazel, Northern Witch-hazel
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana   FAMILY: Hamamelidaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Hamamelis virginiana   FAMILY: Hamamelidaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hamamelis virginiana 095-02-001   FAMILY: Hamamelidaceae

 

Look for it in moist to dryish forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: European Blackberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalaya-berry
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Rubus bifrons   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rubus bifrons   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rubus bifrons 097-05-005   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, roadsides, thickets, old fields

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain) (rare in GA) (rare in NC Mtns)

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pennsylvania Blackberry, Highbush Blackberry, Southern Blackberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rubus pensilvanicus   FAMILY: Rosaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Rubus argutus   FAMILY: Rosaceae
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rubus argutus 097-05-009   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in thickets, woodlands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Southern Dewberry, Coastal Plain Dewberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rubus trivialis   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rubus trivialis   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rubus trivialis 097-05-014   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in old fields, thickets, disturbed areas

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Multiflora Rose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rosa multiflora   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rosa multiflora   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rosa multiflora 097-11-003   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it in pastures, thickets, bottomlands, upland forests, bogs

Common

Non-native: Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Swamp Rose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rosa palustris   FAMILY: Rosaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Rosa palustris   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rosa palustris 097-11-011   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests, bogs, streamsides

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Flowering Ninebark, Eastern Ninebark
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Physocarpus opulifolius var. opulifolius   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Physocarpus opulifolius var. opulifolius   FAMILY: Rosaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Physocarpus opulifolius 097-16-001   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it on streambanks, riverside thickets, rock outcrops, cliffs, esp over mafic or calcareous rocks

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Taiwanese Redtip
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Photinia serratifolia   FAMILY: Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Photinia serratifolia   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it in suburban woodlands

Uncommonly cultivated and rarely naturalizing

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dwarf Hawthorn, Neat Hawthorn
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Crataegus munda   FAMILY: Rosaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Crataegus munda   FAMILY: Rosaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Crataegus flava 097-20-002?   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it in longleaf pine sandhills, other xeric or subxeric forests, scrublands, disturbed woodlands

Uncommon (rare in Mountains, rare in NC) (endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Downy Serviceberry, Sarvisberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Amelanchier arborea   FAMILY: Rosaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Amelanchier arborea var. arborea   FAMILY: Rosaceae
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Amelanchier arborea var. arborea 097-21-001a   FAMILY: Rosaceae

 

Look for it in dry to moist forests

Common (uncommon in NC & SC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bicolor Lespedeza, Bicolor, Shrubby Lespedeza
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lespedeza bicolor   FAMILY: Fabaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lespedeza bicolor   FAMILY: Fabaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lespedeza bicolor 098-27-005   FAMILY: Fabaceae

 

Look for it in "wildlife food plots," roadsides, forests

Common

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Poison Ivy
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhus radicans 110-01-002   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

 

Look for it in a wide range of habitats, including mesic forests, rock outcrops, swamp forests, brackish marshes, open areas, disturbed ground, usually in more mesic to hydric sites than T. pubescens, & particularly common in areas with fertile soils, such as bottomlands or over calcareous rocks or calcareous sands (as in maritime forests)

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Dwarf Sumac
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhus copallinum +   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhus copallinum +   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhus copallina 110-01-007   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

 

Look for it in dry woodlands, and also (depending on variety) in sandhills or rocky glades or maritime thickets

Common (var. copallinum) or uncommon (var. latifolia)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Smooth Sumac, Common Sumac
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhus glabra   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhus glabra   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhus glabra 110-01-008   FAMILY: Anacardiaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, clearings, roadsides, woodlands

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Chinese Holly, Burford Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex cornuta   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex cornuta   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in forests in suburban areas, into which it has escaped from suburban plantings

Rare

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hearts-a-bustin', Strawberry-bush
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euonymus americanus   FAMILY: Celastraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euonymus americanus   FAMILY: Celastraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Euonymus americanus 113-03-002   FAMILY: Celastraceae

 

Look for it in mesic to submesic forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Winged Burning Bush, Winged Euonymus, Winged Wahoo
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euonymus alatus   FAMILY: Celastraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euonymus alatus   FAMILY: Celastraceae

 

Look for it in suburban woodlands

Rare in GA, NC, SC

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: New Jersey Tea, Redroot
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ceanothus americanus +   FAMILY: Rhamnaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Ceanothus americanus   FAMILY: Rhamnaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ceanothus americanus 119-02-001   FAMILY: Rhamnaceae

 

Look for it in dry woodlands, woodland borders (& other places, depending on variety)

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: St. Andrew's Cross
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Hypericum hypericoides   FAMILY: Hypericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hypericum hypericoides ssp. hypericoides   FAMILY: Clusiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hypericum hypericoides 126-01-002   FAMILY: Hypericaceae

 

Look for it in dry forests & woodlands

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Thorny Olive, Autumn Siverberry, Silverthorn, Thorny Elaeagnus
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Elaeagnus pungens   FAMILY: Elaeagnaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Elaeagnus pungens   FAMILY: Elaeagnaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Elaeagnus pungens 134-01-001   FAMILY: Elaeagnaceae

 

Look for it in forests and woodlands in suburban areas

Uncommon

Non-native: Japan

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Aralia spinosa   FAMILY: Araliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Aralia spinosa   FAMILY: Araliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Aralia spinosa 139-03-001   FAMILY: Araliaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed pocosins & bottomlands, disturbed areas, moist to dry forests & woodlands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Silky Dogwood, Bush Dogwood, Silky Cornel
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Swida amomum   FAMILY: Cornaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cornus amomum   FAMILY: Cornaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cornus amomum 142-01-003   FAMILY: Cornaceae

 

Look for it along shores, streams, bottomlands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Swamp Dogwood
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Swida foemina   FAMILY: Cornaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cornus foemina   FAMILY: Cornaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cornus stricta 142-01-005   FAMILY: Cornaceae

 

Look for it in swamps, streambanks, marshes, alluvial forests

Common (rare in Mountains) (an endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pinxterflower, Pinxterbloom Azalea, Election Pink, Pinxter Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron periclymenoides   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron periclymenoides   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron nudiflorum 145-05-009   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on moist to dry slopes and streambanks

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Japanese Privet
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ligustrum japonicum   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum japonicum   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ligustrum japonicum 153-05-002   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed places

Rare

Non-native: Japan & Korea

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Chinese Privet
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ligustrum sinense   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum sinense   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ligustrum sinense 153-05-004   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, esp alluvial bottomlands

Common

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Glossy Privet, Broadleaf Privet
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ligustrum lucidum   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum lucidum   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed places

Rare

Non-native: China, Japan & Korea

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Beautyberry, French Mulberry, Beautybush
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Callicarpa americana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Callicarpa americana   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Callicarpa americana 162-04-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in hammocks, other forests (esp with sandy or rocky soils), maritime forests (the main habitat northward), disturbed areas

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweet-breath-of-spring, Winter Honeysuckle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lonicera fragrantissima   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lonicera fragrantissima   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lonicera fragrantissima 174-02-003   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae

 

Look for it in forests, woodlands, old house sites

Uncommon

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Amur Bush-honeysuckle, Amur Honeysuckle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lonicera maackii   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lonicera maackii   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae

 

Look for it in suburban woodlands, moist forests, fencerows

Common (uncommon in GA Piedmont, rare in NC-SC)

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Smooth Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Viburnum recognitum   FAMILY: Adoxaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Viburnum recognitum   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum 174-05-008b   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae

 

Look for it in marshes, moist forests, streambanks

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Elderberry, American Elder
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sambucus canadensis   FAMILY: Adoxaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sambucus canadensis 174-06-001   FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae

 

Look for it on streambanks, in thickets, moist forests, disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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