Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1310

Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on streambanks, in thickets, moist forests, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 5-11 leaflets
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
5 sepals, very small
5-lobed rotate corolla
5 stamens
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Purplish/Blackish
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Dipsacales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sambucus canadensis   FAMILY Adoxaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 174-06-001:
Sambucus canadensis   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

GREATER THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Sambucus canadensis var. canadensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Elderberry, American Elder


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_saca12_001_lvd

        

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0005e_31

May    Greenville County    SC

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0206b_09a

June    Greenville County    SC

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0306f_17

June    Greenville County    SC

Many small, white, fragrant flowers gathered in large flat-topped clusters, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0406f_28

June    Greenville County    SC

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm070601_003

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm070601_012

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm070601_019

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0407k_26

July    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    s040713_d

July    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

Leaves with 5-11 coarsely toothed leaflets, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    s040713_e

July    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

Leaflets occasionally subdivided or lobed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

Gill Newberry    gn08_s_canadensis_berries

August        

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

Gill Newberry    gn08_s_canadensis_habitat

August        

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

Gill Newberry    gn08_s_lvs_and_fr

August        

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0308r_19

August    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

Fruits dark purplish-black or black, borne in flat-topped clusters, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Elderberry species

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm060805_110

August    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

picture of Sambucus canadensis, image of Sambucus canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm060805_117

August    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park