Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on a particular plant will lead you to more information and/or photographs:

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 29 taxa.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Cane, Giant Cane
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Arundinaria gigantea 029-01-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland and riparian forests, lower slopes and bluffs along streams, seeps, stream banks, and extending into less mesic and even dry settings on circumneutral or alkaline soils over limestone or dolomite

Common (uncommon in Carolina Piedmont, rare in Carolina Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Golden Bamboo, Fishpole Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Phyllostachys aurea   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys aurea   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Phyllostachys aurea 029-02-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in suburban woodlands

Common in GA, uncommon in Carolina Piedmont & Coastal Plain, rare Carolina Mtns

Non-native: China & Japan

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Oats, Northern Sea Oats, Fish-on-a-Pole, Indian Woodoats
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chasmanthium latifolium   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chasmanthium latifolium   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Uniola latifolia 029-10-003   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on riverbanks, streambanks, in bottomland forests, seepages & glades over mafic or calcareous rock, usually in nutrient-rich soils

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Weeping Lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis curvula   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis curvula   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Eragrostis curvula 029-11-007   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides

Common

Non-native: southern Africa

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Orchard Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Dactylis glomerata   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Dactylis glomerata +   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Dactylis glomerata 029-13-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in pastures, fields, woodland edges, roadsides

Common (uncommon in NC-SC, uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rescue Grass
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Bromus catharticus var. catharticus   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Bromus catharticus   FAMILY: Poaceae
(?) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bromus catharticus 029-14-007   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common (rare in Mountains, uncommon in GA Piedmont)

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Virginia Wild-rye, Common Eastern Wild-rye, Terrell Grass
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Elymus virginicus   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Elymus virginicus var. virginicus   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Elymus virginicus 029-25-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Elegant Hairgrass, Annual Silver Hairgrass
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Aira elegans   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Aira elegans   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Aira elegans 029-35-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, on roadsides, in disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Green Needlegrass, Blackseed Needlegrass, Eastern Needlegrass, Black Oatgrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Piptochaetium avenaceum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Piptochaetium avenaceum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stipa avenacea 029-37-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in upland woodlands and forests, sometimes abundant or even dominant in xeric woodlands over granite or mafic rocks in the Piedmont

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Bermuda Grass, Scotch Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cynodon dactylon   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cynodon dactylon   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cynodon dactylon 029-54-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in lawns, gardens, roadsides, pastures, fields, disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweet Vernal Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Anthoxanthum odoratum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Anthoxanthum odoratum ssp. odoratum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Anthoxanthum odoratum 029-60-002   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in lawns, on roadsides, in disturbed areas

Common (rare in GA Mountains & Coastal Plain)

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Foxtail
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Setaria pumila   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Setaria pumila ssp. pumila   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Setaria glauca 029-68-004   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, lawns, fields, less commonly in natural habitats

Common

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon Common Name: Nodding Foxtail Grass, Giant Foxtail-grass, Chinese Foxtail
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Setaria faberi   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Setaria faberi   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Setaria faberi 029-68-007   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Uncommon south of VA

Non-native: China

 


drawing of Setaria viridis var. viridis, Green Foxtail, Green Bristlegrass need picture of leaf or frond of Setaria viridis var. viridis, Green Foxtail, Green Bristlegrass need picture of flower of Setaria viridis var. viridis, Green Foxtail, Green Bristlegrass need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Setaria viridis var. viridis, Green Foxtail, Green Bristlegrass fruit of Setaria viridis var. viridis, Green Foxtail, Green Bristlegrass
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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Green Foxtail, Green Bristlegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Setaria viridis var. viridis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Setaria viridis var. viridis   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Setaria viridis 029-68-008   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Vasey Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Paspalum urvillei   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Paspalum urvillei   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Paspalum urvillei 029-74-007   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in fields, and disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hairy Crabgrass, Northern Crabgrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Digitaria sanguinalis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Digitaria sanguinalis   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Digitaria sanguinalis 029-75-003   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common

Non-native

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Beaked Panicum, Beaked Panicgrass
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Coleataenia anceps ssp. anceps   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Panicum anceps   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Panicum anceps var. anceps 029-81-001a   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist sandy woods, swamps, sloughs, roadsides, fields, waste places, often weedy

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Switchgrass, Prairie Switchgrass
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Panicum virgatum var. virgatum   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Panicum virgatum var. virgatum   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Panicum virgatum 029-81-006   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in dry or wet sandy soils of pinelands, fresh and brackish marshes, tidal swamps, interdune swales and ponds, riverside scour prairies, mafic fens, calcareous fens and spring marshes, rocky river shores and bars. It is also frequently planted

Common in Coastal Plain & GA Piedmont (uncommon to rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Velvet Witchgrass, Velvet Panicum
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Dichanthelium scoparium   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Dichanthelium scoparium   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Panicum scoparium 029-81-057   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in moist sandy soil of woodland openings and ditches

Common (uncommon in Mountains, uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Japanese Stiltgrass, Japanese Grass, Nepalese Browntop, Nepal Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Microstegium vimineum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Microstegium vimineum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Microstegium vimineum 029-84-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, colonizing moist, rich soil, esp in floodplains

Common

Non-native: tropical southeast Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Silver Plumegrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Erianthus alopecuroides   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Saccharum alopecuroides   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Erianthus alopecuroides 029-85-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in fields, roadsides, woodland borders (of moist to dry sites, rarely in wetlands)

Common (uncommon in Mountains & GA Coastal Plain, rare in NC Mtns)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Erianthus giganteus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Saccharum giganteum   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Erianthus giganteus 029-85-005   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in marshes, ditches (of moist to wet sites, rarey in uplands)

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Splitbeard Bluestem, Silvery Bluestem
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Andropogon ternarius   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Andropogon ternarius var. ternarius   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Andropogon ternarius 029-87-005   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in sandhills, dry to moist soils of woodlands and openings

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Broomsedge, Broomsedge Bluestem, Old-field Broomstraw, "Sedge Grass"
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Andropogon virginicus 029-87-007   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in old fields, on roadbanks, disturbed sites

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Bushy Bluestem, Bushy Beardgrass, Bog Broomsedge, Clustered Bluestem
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Andropogon glomeratus   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Andropogon glomeratus var. glomeratus   FAMILY: Poaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Andropogon virginicus 029-87-007?   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in swamps, wet savannas, pine flatwoods, wet disturbed sites

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Johnsongrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sorghum halepense   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sorghum halepense   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sorghum halepense 029-88-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in fields, waste places

Common

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sorghastrum nutans   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sorghastrum nutans   FAMILY: Poaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sorghastrum nutans 029-89-001   FAMILY: Poaceae

 

Look for it in xeric & mesic woodlands & forests of a wide variety, powerline rights-of-way, roadbanks

Common (uncommon in Mountains south of VA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Soft Rush, Common Rush
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Juncus effusus ssp. solutus   FAMILY: Juncaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Juncus effusus var. solutus   FAMILY: Juncaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Juncus effusus 040-01-001   FAMILY: Juncaceae

 

Look for it in moist soil, marshes, margin of streams, ponds, lakes & swamps, low meadows

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Path Rush, Poverty Rush
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Juncus tenuis   FAMILY: Juncaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Juncus tenuis   FAMILY: Juncaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Juncus tenuis 040-01-006   FAMILY: Juncaceae

 

Look for it in dry or moist soil along roadsides and paths, fields

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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