Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Your search found 28 taxa.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Cane, Giant Cane
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Arundinaria gigantea
(?) PLANTS National Database: Arundinaria gigantea
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Arundinaria gigantea 029-01-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Arundinaria gigantea ssp. gigantea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Arundinaria gigantea

Its flowering and subsequent death reported to be at 30-40 year intervals, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.


range map need picture of flower of Phyllostachys aurea, Phyllostachys aurea, Phyllostachys aurea
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Golden Bamboo, Fishpole Bamboo
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Phyllostachys aurea
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyllostachys aurea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Phyllostachys aurea 029-02-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Phyllostachys aurea

range map need picture of flower of Chasmanthium latifolium, Chasmanthium latifolium, Uniola latifolia
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Oats, Northern Sea Oats, Fish-on-a-Pole, Indian Woodoats
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chasmanthium latifolium
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chasmanthium latifolium
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Uniola latifolia 029-10-003
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Uniola latifolia

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Weeping Lovegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Eragrostis curvula
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Eragrostis curvula
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Eragrostis curvula 029-11-007
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Eragrostis curvula

Panicles 20-30cm long, branches solitary or in pairs, ascending, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Orchard Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Dactylis glomerata
GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database: Dactylis glomerata +
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Dactylis glomerata 029-13-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Dactylis glomerata

Panicle's few, distant, stiff branches ascending, or spreading at anthesis, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rescue Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Bromus catharticus var. catharticus
(?) PLANTS National Database: Bromus catharticus
(?) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Bromus catharticus 029-14-007
(?) Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Bromus catharticus

Panicle open, as much as 20cm long, branches naked at base, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Virginia Wild-rye, Common Eastern Wild-rye, Terrell Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Elymus virginicus 029-25-002


The "bow-legged" glumes are a good mark of recognition, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.


range map need picture of flower of Aira elegans, Aira elegans, Aira elegans
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Elegant Hairgrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Aira elegans
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Aira elegans
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Aira elegans 029-35-002
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991) Aira elegantissima
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Aira caryophyllea var. capillaris

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Green Needlegrass, Blackseed Needlegrass, Eastern Needlegrass, Black Oatgrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Piptochaetium avenaceum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Piptochaetium avenaceum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Stipa avenacea 029-37-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Stipa avenacea

Each floret has an outer bract (lemma) & inner bract (palea) & naked flower, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.


camera icon Common Name: Bermuda Grass, Scotch Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cynodon dactylon
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cynodon dactylon
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cynodon dactylon 029-54-001
GREATER THAN Flora of North America Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Capriola dactylon

Its creeping habit & palmately compound inflorescence make it easy to ID, per www.missouriplants.com


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweet Vernal Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Anthoxanthum odoratum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Anthoxanthum odoratum ssp. odoratum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Anthoxanthum odoratum 029-60-002


Panicles yellowish-brown, cylindrical, dense, usually less than 6cm long, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Foxtail
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Setaria pumila ssp. pumila
GREATER THAN & LESS THAN (TREATMENT APPARENTLY GARBLED) PLANTS National Database: Setaria pumila ssp. pallidefusca
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Setaria glauca 029-68-004
GREATER THAN & LESS THAN (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Setaria lutescens
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Chaetochloa lutescens

Panicle dense, evenly cylindric, spikelike, yellow at maturity, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.


camera icon Common Name: Nodding Foxtail Grass, Giant Foxtail-grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Setaria faberi
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Setaria faberi
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Setaria faberi 029-68-007
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Setaria faberii

Panicle conspicuously nodding; spikelets about 3mm long, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Green Foxtail, Green Bristlegrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Setaria viridis var. viridis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Setaria viridis var. viridis
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Setaria viridis 029-68-008
LESS THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Setaria viridis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Chaetochloa viridis

Panicle erect or ~ nodding, cylindric but tapering a little at the summit, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Vasey Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Paspalum urvillei
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Paspalum urvillei
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Paspalum urvillei 029-74-007
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Paspalum urvillei

Spikelets 4-rowed, light-green often with dark flowering parts extending, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hairy Crabgrass, Northern Crabgrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Digitaria sanguinalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Digitaria sanguinalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Digitaria sanguinalis 029-75-003
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Digitaria sanguinalis var. sanguinalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Syntherisma sanguinalis

Seedhead branches arise from different points of attachment along the stalk, per Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Beaked Panicum, Beaked Panicgrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Coleataenia anceps ssp. anceps
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Panicum anceps
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Panicum anceps var. anceps 029-81-001a
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Panicum anceps
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Panicum anceps ssp. anceps

Rather crowded somewhat curved subsecund spikelets, set obliquely, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Switchgrass , Prairie Switchgrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Panicum virgatum 029-81-006
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

The inflorescence is open and freely banched, spreading, pyramidal, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.


range map need picture of flower of Dichanthelium scoparium, Dichanthelium scoparium, Panicum scoparium
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Velvet Witchgrass, Velvet Panicum
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Dichanthelium scoparium
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Dichanthelium scoparium
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Panicum scoparium 029-81-057
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Panicum scoparium
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Dichanthelium scoparium

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Japanese Grass, Japanese Stiltgrass, Nepalese Browntop, Nepal Grass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Microstegium vimineum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Microstegium vimineum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Microstegium vimineum 029-84-001
GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Microstegium vimineum var. vimineum
GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Microstegium vimineum var. imberbe

Terminal, thin and spikelike raceme, to 3" long, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Silver Plumegrass
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Erianthus alopecuroides
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Saccharum alopecuroides
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Erianthus alopecuroides 029-85-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Saccharum alopecuroidum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Erianthus divaricatus

Panicle 20-30cm long, branches ascending or spreading, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Splitbeard Bluestem, Silvery Bluestem
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Andropogon ternarius var. ternarius
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Andropogon ternarius var. ternarius
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Andropogon ternarius 029-87-005
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Andropogon ternarius

Grass flowers usually w 2 lodicules, 3 stamens, ovary w 2 feathery stigmas, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Broomsedge, Broomsedge Bluestem, Old-field Broomstraw, "Sedge Grass"
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Andropogon virginicus 029-87-007
LESS THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus

Racemes shorter than the bractlike leaves clasping them, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Bushy Bluestem, Bushy Beardgrass, Bog Broomsedge, Clustered Bluestem
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Andropogon glomeratus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Andropogon glomeratus var. glomeratus
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Andropogon virginicus 029-87-007?
LESS THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Andropogon glomeratus

Paired racemes short-peduncled, sitting between 2 clasping bractlike leaves, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Johnsongrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sorghum halepense
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sorghum halepense
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Sorghum halepense 029-88-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Sorghum halepense
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Holcus halepensis

Open spreading panicle 15-50cm long, w numerous whorled projecting branches, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sorghastrum nutans
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sorghastrum nutans
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Sorghastrum nutans 029-89-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Sorghastrum nutans

The prominent anthers are golden yellow, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Soft Rush, Common Rush
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Juncus effusus ssp. solutus
GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database: Juncus effusus +
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Juncus effusus 040-01-001


Branched inflorescence spreads laterally from base of the involucral leaf, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


range map need picture of flower of Juncus tenuis, Juncus tenuis, Juncus tenuis
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Path Rush, Poverty Rush
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Juncus tenuis
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Juncus tenuis
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Juncus tenuis 040-01-006


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