Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1371

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Annual

Non-native: Europe

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in disturbed areas, lawns, fields, less commonly in natural habitats, per Weakley's Flora

map
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Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Not rhizomatous

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Inflorescence a dense, spikelike panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Panicle yellow at maturity
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Setaria pumila   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Setaria pumila ssp. pumila   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-68-004:
Setaria glauca   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDING & INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Setaria lutescens

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Chaetochloa lutescens

 

COMMON NAME:
Yellow Foxtail


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_chgl12_001_lvd

        

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_selu4_001_lvd

        

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

JK Marlow    jkm200808_6876

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

JK Marlow    jkm200808_6975

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

An annual with fibrous roots, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

JK Marlow    jkm200808_6977

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Leaves flat [not folded], per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

JK Marlow    jkm200808_6980

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Longer bristles 2-3x as long as the spikelet, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

JK Marlow    jkm200808_6992

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

4-12 bristles below each spikelet, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

Gill Newberry    gn09_setaria_glauca

September        

Panicle dense, evenly cylindric, spikelike, yellow at maturity, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

Gill Newberry    gn09_setaria_glauca_habit

September        

image of Setaria pumila, Yellow Foxtail

JK Marlow    jkm140924_952

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail