Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


107

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial/Winter annual

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in GA Mountains & Coastal Plain)

Look for it in lawns, on roadsides, in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Lemmas brownish

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Grain yellowish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Anthoxanthum odoratum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Anthoxanthum odoratum ssp. odoratum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-60-002:
Anthoxanthum odoratum   FAMILY Poaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Sweet Vernal Grass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

JK Marlow    jkm150329_014

March    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

JK Marlow    jkm160328_150

March    Greenville County    SC

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

Keith Bradley    kab_a_odoratum_3436

March    Lancaster County    SC

Panicles yellowish-brown, cylindrical, dense, usually less than 6cm long, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

Gill Newberry    gn04_a_odoratum_flowers

April        

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

Gill Newberry    gn04_a_odoratum_young_pla

April        

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

JK Marlow    jkm0504a_37

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Has the delightful fragrance of coumarin, persisting after plants are dried, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

JK Marlow    jkm0504p_10

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Named from the Greek "anthos" (flower) and "xanthos" (yellow), per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

JK Marlow    s050403_a1

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Taper which forms the leaf's acute apex often starts quite near the point, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

JK Marlow    jkm0405v_10

May    Greenville County    SC

Widely established as a weed of roadsides, woods and meadows, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

JK Marlow    jkm070530_008

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Darker grass is Anthoxanthum odoratum; lighter grass is Danthonia sericea.

picture of Anthoxanthum odoratum, image of Anthoxanthum odoratum

JK Marlow    jkm070530_019

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Shorter grass is Anthoxanthum odoratum; taller is Danthonia sericea.