OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (2/8/20):
Monarda fistulosa +   FAMILY Lamiaceae   Go to FSUS key


PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Monarda fistulosa +   FAMILY Lamiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 164-23-003:

Monarda fistulosa   FAMILY Lamiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Wild Bergamot


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_fistulosa

June        

Outer bracts green or reddish, depending on variety, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_monarda_fistulosa_1

June        

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_monarda_fistulosa_1b

June        

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_monarda_fistulosa_1c

June        

A tuft of hairs at tip of the upper lip sets this apart from other Monarda, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains (Smith, 1998).

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_monarda_fistulosa_1d

June        

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Gill Newberry    gn07_monarda_fistulosa

July        

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

JK Marlow    jkm080726_129

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

JK Marlow    jkm080729_042

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Bergamot's chief pollinators are bumblebees and butterflies, per Book of Field and Roadside (Eastman, 2003).

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

JK Marlow    jkm080729_048

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Each floret is bisexual, its color attracting long-tongued pollinators, per Book of Field and Roadside (Eastman, 2003).

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Keith Bradley    kab_m_fistulosa_1061

July    Buncombe County    NC

North Carolina Arboretum

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

JK Marlow    s080729_b

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves deltoid-lanceolate, base slightly tapered to truncate, ~ serrate, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005).

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmfistulosa_1

July-August        

Pollinator at work.

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmfistulosa_3

July-August?        

Florets develop progressively from center of cyme outward, per Book of Field and Roadside (Eastman, 2003).

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Gill Newberry    gn08_m_fistulosa_headlike

August        

The final stage is a bald central cyme ringed by a fringe of florets, per Book of Field and Roadside (Eastman, 2003).

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Gill Newberry    gn08_m_fistulose_tope_of2

August        

Orifice of the calyx densely hirsute with numerous erect, stiff, white hairs, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

Gill Newberry    gn08_springjuly302007_162

August        

Pollinator at work.

image of Monarda fistulosa +, Wild Bergamot

JK Marlow    jkm060805_075

August    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (2/8/20):
Monarda fistulosa +   FAMILY Lamiaceae

PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Monarda fistulosa +   FAMILY Lamiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 164-23-003:
Monarda fistulosa   FAMILY Lamiaceae

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

943

Forb
Perennial

Native

map
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Pink/Lavender/Purple
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed calyx
2-lipped tubular corolla
2 exserted stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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