Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


8

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to North Carolina, naturalized in Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Rare (a Southern Appalachian endemic)

Look for it in high elevation forests, from about 1500-2037m, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Needles flattened, to 1" long
Needles not in bundles, arranged on all sides of twig

"FLOWER":
Spring/Summer
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Perple/Tan-brown
Cone

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Abies fraseri   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Abies fraseri   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 016-04-001:
Abies fraseri   FAMILY Pinaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Fraser Fir, She Balsam, Southern Balsam


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_abfr_001_lvd

        

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm0501b_02

January        

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm160503_261

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm160503_281

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm160503_331

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm160503_334

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

After seed cones disintegrate, the spikelike upright central axis is left, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm160503_336

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm170507_721

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm170507_722

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

The flat fragrant leaves leave circular scars on the twig when removed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

Keith Bradley    kab_abies_fraseri_8831

May        VA

Grayson Highlands State Park

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

Keith Bradley    kab_abies_fraseri_8834

May    Grayson County    VA

Grayson Highlands State Park

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm0407t_34

July    Mitchell County    NC

The Roan Highlands

The bark has resin blisters, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_a_fraseri_12

July    Towns-Union Counties    GA

Brasstown Bald

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_a_fraseri_4

July    Towns-Union Counties    GA

Brasstown Bald

Leaves 2-ranked (esp in lower parts of tree) to spiraled, flexible, per Flora of North America.

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    s050806_ij

August    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Needles not more than 1" long, green above & with chalky white bands below, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE needles of Fir, Hemlock and Spruce

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm140913_680

September    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Foliage soft to the touch, with a strong resinous odor when rubbed, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE conifers (not including Pines)

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

Ron Lance    rwl_abiesfraseri

September    Jackson County    NC

Mature seed cones erect, cylindrical, about 2.5" long, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE cones of Fir, Hemlock and Spruce

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm061104_014

November    Swain County    NC

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm061104_015b

November    Swain County    NC

picture of Abies fraseri, image of Abies fraseri

L.L. (Chick) Gaddy    llg_fraserfirredspruce

Month Unknown        

Left: soft balsam-scented needles of Fraser Fir. Right: prickly Red Spruce, per Alpine South: Plants and Plant Communities of the High Elevations of the Southern Appalachians.