Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


625

Tree
Perennial
Dioecious

Native: north & west of the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Rare

Look for it native in rich bottomland and slope forests, also in disturbed areas persistent and weakly spreading from horticultural plantings, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Bipinnately compound: 10-14 pinnae
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-white
Unisexual
Nearly radially symmetrical
4-5 petals
10 included stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Brownish-black
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Gymnocladus dioicus   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gymnocladus dioicus   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-07-001:
Gymnocladus dioica   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Kentucky Coffee-tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gymnocladus dioicus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gydi_001_lvd

        

image of Gymnocladus dioicus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_dioicus_12

June        

Leaves bipinnately compound, except once-pinnately compound at rachis base, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE bipinnately or tripinnately compound leaves of trees

image of Gymnocladus dioicus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_gymnocladus_dioicus_4

June        

Bark thick, with narrow scaly ridges, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Gymnocladus dioicus

JK Marlow    jkm140816_637

August    Jackson County    NC

High Hampton Inn

image of Gymnocladus dioicus

JK Marlow    jkm081110_030

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

image of Gymnocladus dioicus

JK Marlow    jkm081110_032

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Fruit a brown legume 3-7" long, with large hard rounded seed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Gymnocladus dioicus

JK Marlow    jkm081110_035

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Fruit pods hard, leathery, falling without opening, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.