OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Gelsemiaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Loganiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 154-01-001:

Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Loganiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Gelsemium sempervirens

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gese_001_lvd

        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_gese_007_lvd

        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

JK Marlow    jkm180331_213

March    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Ben Geer Keys    bgk600_a

April        

Pedicels short, bracteate. Sepals lanceolate, separate to base, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Gill Newberry    gn04_g_semperv_irens_inf_

April        

Flowers in fragrant, few-flowered axillary clusters (cymes) on new growth, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses (Miller & Miller, 2005).

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Gill Newberry    gn04_g_sempervirens_flowe

April        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Gill Newberry    gn04_g_sempervirens_habit

April        

Habit.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

JK Marlow    jkm0204i_18

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

All parts of the plant are poisonous, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC (Porcher & Rayner, 2001).

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

JK Marlow    jkm0404a_25

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

The vine twines upward from left to right, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

JK Marlow    jkm0404b_04

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Habit.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_107

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Jessamine climbs to the tops of trees, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

JK Marlow    jkm180408_217

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

JK Marlow    jkm180408_222

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Capsules oblong, abruptly rounded to a beaked apex, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmgsempervirens_boggs1

April    Pickens County    SC

Rich yellow, funnel-shaped flowers w 5 spreading lobes, on short pedicels, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005).

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmgsempervirens_boggs4

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_sempervirens_1

April        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_sempervirens_2

April        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

JK Marlow    s040401_ab

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Leaves are evergreen, opposite, lanceolate to elliptic, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Crossvine, Trumpet Creeper and Yellow Jessamine

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140412_085743

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Paul Thompson    pstgelsemium_semperviren

September?        

Note wiry stems, long internodes, and short petioles. — Clemson Extension

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Gelsemiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Loganiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 154-01-001:
Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Loganiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Gelsemium sempervirens

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

600

Woody vine
Perennial

Habitat: In a wide range of habitats, from swamp forests to dry uplands and thickets, also commonly planted as an ornamental, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common (uncommon in Mountains of GA & SC) (rare in Mountains of NC)

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Winter/Spring
Yellow
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5-lobed funnelform corolla
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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