Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


391

Shrub
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA, uncommon in SC Piedmont, rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in dry rocky woodlands, thickets, high elevation forests and openings, seepage swamps, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Perianth absent or small
4 stamens, each with two anthers, in staminate flowers
Inferior ovary
Staminate flowers in catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Corylus cornuta var. cornuta   FAMILY Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Corylus cornuta var. cornuta   FAMILY Betulaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 054-02-001:
Corylus cornuta   FAMILY Betulaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Beaked Hazelnut


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Corylus cornuta, image of Corylus cornuta var. cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm120310_218

March    Spartanburg County    SC

Male catkins sessile and dangling, on 1-year-old lateral twigs, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

picture of Corylus cornuta, image of Corylus cornuta var. cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm120310_220

March    Spartanburg County    SC

Pistillate flowers in an ovoid bud, each flower with 2 exserted red stigmas, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Corylus cornuta, image of Corylus cornuta var. cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm150509_977

May    Dawson County    GA

Dawson Forest WMA

Fruit subtended and surrounded by soft bristly involucre of foliaceous bracts, per Flora of North America.

picture of Corylus cornuta, image of Corylus cornuta var. cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm120727_960

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves soft-hairy beneath, doubly-serrate, base heart-shaped or rounded, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Hazel Alder, Hazelnut, Witch Hazel and Witch-alder

picture of Corylus cornuta, image of Corylus cornuta var. cornuta

Dan Whitten    sdw_beakedhazelnut2

July        NC

DuPont State Forest

picture of Corylus cornuta, image of Corylus cornuta var. cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm080924_104

September    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Corylus cornuta, image of Corylus cornuta var. cornuta

Dan Whitten    sdw_beakedhazelnut

November        

Fruit husk drawn out into an elongate beak and covered by short stiff hairs, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.