OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Oplismenus setarius   FAMILY Poaceae


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius

INCLUDED WITHIN The genera of Paniceae (Gramineae: Panicoideae) in the se. US (Crins, 1991)
Oplismenus hirtellus

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-72-001:
Oplismenus setarius   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Oplismenus setarius

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Oplismenus setarius

 

COMMON NAME:
Shortleaf Basketgrass, Woods-grass, Bristle Basketgrass


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Woods-grass, Bristle Basketgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_opse_001_lvd

        

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Woods-grass, Bristle Basketgrass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70501

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Leaves 1.5-6cm long; longest w acute to acuminate tip (but not long-acuminate), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Woods-grass, Bristle Basketgrass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70507

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Leaf sheaths & culm axis glabrate to [~ sparsely] pilose, hairs <1.5mm long, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Woods-grass, Bristle Basketgrass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70511

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Racemes subglobose, each w about 5 spikelets; awn of first glume 4-8mm long, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Woods-grass, Bristle Basketgrass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70519

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

More and deeper purple florets than the invasive Wavyleaf Basketgrass, per New Invaders of the Southeast.

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Woods-grass, Bristle Basketgrass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70525

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Oplismenus setarius   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius

INCLUDED WITHIN The genera of Paniceae (Gramineae: Panicoideae) in the se. US (Crins, 1991)
Oplismenus hirtellus

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-72-001:
Oplismenus setarius   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Oplismenus setarius

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Oplismenus setarius

 

Find by scientific name:

3802

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Look for it in hammocks, maritime forests, shell middens, moist forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a more detailed map from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Herbarium,

or click here to see a map from SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall

Inflorescence a narrow panicle

FRUIT:
Yellowish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


Find by scientific name: