Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


356

Forb
Annual

Non-native: Old World
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in gardens, bottomlands, disturbed ground, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

full sun ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Blue
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3-merous
3 sepals, the lateral two partly united
3 petals, the upper two large and the lowest smaller
3 fertile stamens, 3 sterile stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Commelinales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Commelina communis   FAMILY Commelinaceae

(?) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Commelina communis   FAMILY Commelinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 038-01-003:
Commelina communis   FAMILY Commelinaceae

GREATER THAN Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Commelina communis var. communis

GREATER THAN Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Commelina communis var. ludens

 

COMMON NAME:
Asiatic Dayflower, Common Dayflower


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_coco3_001_lvd

        

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_coco3_005_lvd

        

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

JK Marlow    jkm0305k_06

May    Greenville County    SC

Leaves lanceolate-ovate, 2-5" long, bases sheathing the stem, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

Ben Geer Keys    bgk356_a

July        

Flowers are subtended by a folded, heart-shaped spathe, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

JK Marlow    jkm0308m_15

August    Greenville County    SC

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

JK Marlow    jkm080816_017

August    Greenville County    SC

Lower petal white and reduced, so the flower appears to be only 2 petals, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

JK Marlow    jkm080818_001

August    Greenville County    SC

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_communis_ludens

August        

Commelina communis var. ludens

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

Gill Newberry    gn09_c_communis_var_luden

September        

Var. ludens: larger petals intense violet blue, sterile anthers w dark spot, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

JK Marlow    jkm130927_516

September    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

JK Marlow    jkm130927_519

September    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Fruits 3-celled capsules: Two cells have 2 seeds each, the 3rd cell aborts, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

Gill Newberry    gn10_c_communis

October        

Var. communis: larger petals pale blue, sterile anthers completely yellow, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

Gill Newberry    gn10_c_communis_dayflower

October        

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_1120052

Month Unknown        

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

Julia Scher, Federal Noxious Weeds Disseminules, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org    bug_5376379

Month Unknown        

Seeds rugose foveate-reticulate, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_5436572

Month Unknown        

picture of Commelina communis, image of Commelina communis

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_9005097b

Month Unknown        

Spathes generally pale toward peduncle, with contrasting dark green veins, per Weakley's Flora.