Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


341

Herbaceous vine
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain south of VA)

Look for it in mesic forests, woodlands, thickets, esp over mafic rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Bipinnately compound (usually)
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Bluish, pale lavender to purple
Radially symmetrical
4 petaloid sepals, calyx broadly urceolate to campanulate
Petals absent
Numerous stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Brownish
Aggregate of achenes

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Clematis viorna   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Clematis viorna   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 076-10-004:
Clematis viorna   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viorna viorna

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Leatherflower, Vase-vine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Clematis viorna

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vivi8_001_lvd

        

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm0305y_06

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Leaves pinnately compound w 3-9 leaflets, veins not prominent, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm070528_103

May    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

2 subtending bracts positioned about halfway up the peduncle/ pedicel, per The genus Clematis in Georgia. Tipularia (Ware, 2009).

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm0506d_35

June    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm100606_018

June    Union County    SC

Petals absent. Thick, firm sepals form a leathery urn-shaped calyx, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm100606_024

June    Union County    SC

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm100606_032

June    Union County    SC

Sepals are petaloid, and there are usually 4 (petals are absent), per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm100606_037

June    Union County    SC

Fruit is a round cluster of achenes with long, feathery, curved tails, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of achenes

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm100606_039

June    Union County    SC

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm100606_040

June    Union County    SC

image of Clematis viorna

Tim Spira    tps_cviorna_wbb3

June        

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm0307d_13

July    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Purple bell-shaped flowers with very thick sepals recurved at the tip, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm140704_617

July    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm140704_619

July    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm140704_620

July    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

Inflorescences are axillary, 1-7 flowered, per The genus Clematis in Georgia. Tipularia (Ware, 2009).

image of Clematis viorna

JK Marlow    jkm140704_626

July    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

image of Clematis viorna

Keith Bradley    kab_clematis_viorna_1504

July    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway