Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Solanales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Read more about Waterpod at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 160-01-001:
Hydrolea quadrivalvis FAMILY Hydrophyllaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
John B. Nelson jbn_2663197431_ffa7498787
July Dorchester County SC
Flowers borne from leaf axils, some of which bear sharp spines, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers (Nelson, 2006).
COMPARE aquatic plants
Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Marginal emergent aquatic (rooted); Forb
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Common in Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Axillary spines sometimes present
5-lobed campanulate corolla
5 included stamens, fused to corolla
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers (Nelson, 2006) p058
- Field Guide to Aquatic Plants of Alabama (Lovell, 2007) p15
- Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast (Cotterman, Waitt, & Weakley, 2019) p423
- Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry (Porcher, 1995) p104
- Wildflowers of the Eastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1999) p077
- Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region (Sorrie, 2011) p291
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".