Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3035

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Annual

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Spikelets reddish at maturity
Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Spikelets reddish at maturity
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Bromus tectorum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Bromus tectorum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-14-001:
Bromus tectorum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Bromus tectorum

 

COMMON NAME:
Downy Brome, Downy Chess, Downy Cheat, Cheatgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_brte_001_lvd

        

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_brte_002_lvd

        

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

Tom Heutte, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_1383019

Month Unknown        

Its ligules are 0.04-0.1 in. (1-2.5 mm) long, per www.invasive.org.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5270027

Month Unknown        

Panicles generally nodding; spikelets drooping, each 2-3.5cm long, per www.invasive.org.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org    bug_5364419

Month Unknown        

The glumes are awl-shaped, per www.invasive.org.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org     bug_5387165

Month Unknown        

The leaf sheaths and blades are covered with soft short hairs, per www.invasive.org.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5449007

Month Unknown        

Panicles 5-20cm long, have numerous branches, and retain an open quality, per www.invasive.org.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5449047

Month Unknown        

B. tectorum has a fibrous root system that is finely divided, per www.invasive.org.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5449049

Month Unknown        

The leaves are 0.08-0.16 in. (2-4 mm) wide and up to 8 in. (20 cm) long, per www.invasive.org.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5449075

Month Unknown        

Seeds can germinate in fall or spring; fall germination is more common, per www.invasive.org.

picture of Bromus tectorum, image of Bromus tectorum

D. Walters and C. Southwick, Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID, USDA APHIS ITP, B    bug_5461369

Month Unknown        

Lemmas narrowly lanceolate, toothed, with slender straight awns, per www.invasive.org.