Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


293

Climbing woody vine (twining)
Perennial
Polygamo-dioecious [mostly dioecious, but with some bisexual flowers]

Non-native: Asia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in thickets, roadsides, forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
NC Botanical Garden
NC Department of Transportation
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish to orange-yellow (inconspicuous)
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Orange/Orange-yellow
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Celastrales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Celastrus orbiculatus   FAMILY Celastraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Celastrus orbiculatus   FAMILY Celastraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 113-01-002:
Celastrus orbiculatus   FAMILY Celastraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Celastrus orbiculata

 

COMMON NAME:
Oriental Bittersweet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm160426_572

April    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm110513_483

May    Greenville County    SC

Camp Old Indian

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm140524_185b

May    Spartanburg County    SC

The outer surface of roots characteristically bright orange, per Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5487274

May?        

Flowers bloom in Spring in small clusters of 3-7 flowers in the leaf axils, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5487384

June?        

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm090725_003

July    Jackson County    NC

Western Carolina University

Leaves long-tapering tipped when young, larger & round-tipped when mature, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm090725_008

July    Jackson County    NC

Western Carolina University

Capsules contain 3 sections, each with 2 white seeds, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm090725_009

July    Jackson County    NC

Western Carolina University

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm090725_012

July    Jackson County    NC

Western Carolina University

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm090725_014

July    Jackson County    NC

Western Carolina University

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm090725_019

July    Jackson County    NC

Western Carolina University

A noxious weed in much of our area, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm150906_0020

September    Pickens County    SC

Cherokee Foothills Visitors Center

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm150906_0022

September    Pickens County    SC

Cherokee Foothills Visitors Center

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm081110_021

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Capsule orangish, loculicidal, 3-valved, splitting and exposing seeds, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm081110_023

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Fruits appear all along the stem in clusters of 3-7, per Invasive Plants, Weeds of the Global Garden.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm081110_025

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

First reported here in the 60s, now more common than the native C. scandens, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm091114_016b

November    Henderson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Lenticels conspicuous, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

JK Marlow    jkm091114_029

November    Henderson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_2307122

Month Unknown        

The tan lenticels look like little dashes on the brown twigs and branches, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan, Bugwood.org     bug_5427333

Month Unknown        

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan, Bugwood.org     bug_5476785

Month Unknown        

Vines can climb more than 60', twinging around trunks and branches, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5487340

Month Unknown        

image of Celastrus orbiculatus

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5501246

Month Unknown