Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


290

Tree
Perennial

Native: west of Carolinas & Georgia, early naturalized in a more widespread area
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in NC & in SC Mtns, rare elsewhere in GA & SC

Look for it in bottomlands and river banks (as a native), also escaped or persistent after cultivation, and sometimes thoroughly naturalized, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Opposite or rarely whorled

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White, lower lobe sparsely spotted with purple
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-merous
2-lobed calyx
2-lipped corolla
2 fertile stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Catalpa speciosa   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Catalpa speciosa   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 167-03-002:
Catalpa speciosa   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_casp8_001_lvd

        

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_casp8_013_lvd

        

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_speciosa_bc_11

January        

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_speciosa_bc_11106_1

January        

Bark ridged or deeply fissured; not as scaly as in C. bignonioides, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_speciosa_bc_11106_7

January        

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_catalpa_speciosa

April        

Corolla 4-6cm wide, the lower lobe sparsely spotted with purple, notched, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_speciosa_northern

May    Floyd County    GA

Fresh foliage essentially odorless; leaves long-acuminate, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

JK Marlow    jkm090808_049

August    Floyd County    GA

Berry College

Georgia State Champion Tree

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

JK Marlow    jkm090808_052

August    Floyd County    GA

Berry College

Capsules 23-60cm long, 10-20mm diameter, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Catalpa species

picture of Catalpa speciosa, image of Catalpa speciosa

JK Marlow    jkm090808_073

August    Floyd County    GA

Berry College

Leaves pubescent beneath, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.