Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


290

Tree
Perennial

Native: west of Carolinas & Georgia, early naturalized in a more widespread area

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in NC & in SC Mtns, rare elsewhere in GA & SC

Look for it in bottomlands and river banks (as a native), also escaped or persistent after cultivation, and sometimes thoroughly naturalized, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Opposite or rarely whorled

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White, lower lobe sparsely spotted with purple
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-merous
2-lobed calyx
2-lipped corolla
2 fertile stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Catalpa speciosa   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Catalpa speciosa   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 167-03-002:
Catalpa speciosa   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_casp8_001_lvd

        

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_casp8_013_lvd

        

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_speciosa_bc_11

January        

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_speciosa_bc_11106_1

January        

Bark ridged or deeply fissured; not as scaly as in C. bignonioides, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_speciosa_bc_11106_7

January        

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_catalpa_speciosa

April        

Corolla 4-6cm wide, the lower lobe sparsely spotted with purple, notched, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_speciosa_northern

May    Floyd County    GA

Fresh foliage essentially odorless; leaves long-acuminate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

JK Marlow    jkm090808_049

August    Floyd County    GA

Berry College

Georgia State Champion Tree

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

JK Marlow    jkm090808_052

August    Floyd County    GA

Berry College

Capsules 23-60cm long, 10-20mm diameter, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Catalpa species

image of Catalpa speciosa, Northern Catalpa, Indian Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree

JK Marlow    jkm090808_073

August    Floyd County    GA

Berry College

Leaves pubescent beneath, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.