Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


289

Tree
Perennial

Native to Coastal Plain of SC & GA, early naturalized in a more widespread area

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it in bottomlands & streambanks (as a native), or to be escaped or persistent after cultivation, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Opposite or rarely whorled

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White, lower lobe densely spotted with purple
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-merous
2-lobed calyx
2-lipped corolla
2 fertile stamens

FRUIT:
Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Catalpa bignonioides   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Catalpa bignonioides   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 167-03-001:
Catalpa bignonioides   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Catalpa catalpa

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_cabi8_005_lvd

        

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_caca58_001_lvd

        

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

Steve Marlow    snm140530_049

March    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Corolla 2-4cm wide, the lower lobe densely spotted with purple, entire, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

JK Marlow    jkm060522_028

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

JK Marlow    jkm060522_030

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

JK Marlow    jkm060522_035

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

JK Marlow    jkm140528_227

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Fresh foliage with a fetid odor; leaves abruptly acuminate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

JK Marlow    jkm060809_003

August    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Capsules 15-40cm long, 6-10mm diameter, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Catalpa species

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

JK Marlow    jkm060809_004

August    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Catalpa bignonioides, Southern Catalpa, Fishbait Tree, Cigar Tree

JK Marlow    jkm060809_005

August    Greenville County    SC

Roadside