Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


269

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere)

Look for it in swamp forests, where flooded during the winter months, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 7-15 leaflets, usually 11-13
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-3 lobed
Inferior ovary
Staminate flowers in elongate catkins

FRUIT:
Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Carya aquatica   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Carya aquatica   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 053-02-004:
Carya aquatica   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hicoria aquatica

 

COMMON NAME:
Water Hickory, Bitter Pecan


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Carya aquatica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_caaq2_003_lvd

        

image of Carya aquatica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_hiaq_001_lvd

        

image of Carya aquatica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_aquatica_17

June        

image of Carya aquatica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_aquatica_6

June        

image of Carya aquatica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_aquatica_7

June        

Bark smooth when young, becoming scaly, shredding into small plates, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Carya aquatica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_aquatica_3

August        

image of Carya aquatica

Ron Lance    rwl269_a

September        

Leaves with 9-17 scythe-shaped leaflets, margins finely serrate, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Carya aquatica

Ron Lance    rwl269_a2

September        

Fruit a nut, elliptical & flattened; husks 1/16" thick, with yellow scales, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Carya aquatica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_aquatica_11

October        

image of Carya aquatica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_aquatica_2

October        

Buds brown or reddish-brown; twigs hairy only at apex, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Carya aquatica

Ron Lance    jkm110219_639a

Month Unknown        

Small brown slightly flattened nuts have grooved surfaces with a thin shell, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.