Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


220

Fern/Fern ally
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide range of fairly dry, mesic, and wet forests, cove forests, especially in nutrient-rich, moist bottomlands and slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Leaf consists of a bipinnate to tripinnate sterile blade & a fertile panicle

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Monilophytes (ferns): Ophioglossoid Ferns (eusporangiate ferns): Ophioglossales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Botrypus virginianus   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Botrychium virginianum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 006-01-001:
Botrychium virginianum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Rattlesnake Fern, Sang-find


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_bovi_001_lvd

        

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_bovi_007_lvd

        

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm120330_258

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm060429_069

April    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Sterile blade reflexed to almost horizontal, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm080420_167

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm080420_169

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Fertile stalk appears in late spring-early summer, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm100422_042

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmbvirginianum_and01

April    Anderson County    SC

Blade not circinate [that is, not coiled in a "fiddlehead" as many ferns are], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm100516_020

May    Greenville County    SC

The common stalk, below where sterile blade & sporophore diverge, 4-8" long, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm150508_952

May    Union County    GA

Sosebee Cove

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

Tim Spira    tps_bvirginianus_fertile

May        

Sporangia densely clustered on branching segments of fertile stalk, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

Tim Spira    tps_bvirginianus2

May        

Fertile stalk 20-40cm long, arising from base of blade, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

Gill Newberry    gn06_b_virginianum

June        

picture of Botrychium virginianum, image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm091006_003

October    Greenville County    SC

Sterile blade thin-textured, bright green, distinctly lacy-cut, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.