Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2044

Shrub; Tree
Perennial
Has milky sap (latex)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in NC Piedmont)

Look for it in maritime forests, maritime scrub, river bluffs, swamp margins, usually in circumneutral soil (over shell hash, coquina limestone, marl, or limestone), in the Piedmont and Mountains in rich, mesic forests over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Semi-evergreen
Simple
Alternate or clustered on spur shoots

FLOWER:
Summer
White
Bisexual
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed corolla
5 stamens & 5 staminodia, fused to corolla
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary clusters

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Drupe-like berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sideroxylon lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sideroxylon lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 149-01-001:
Bumelia lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_buly_001_lvd

        

image of Sideroxylon lycioides

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_sily_002_lvd

        

image of Sideroxylon lycioides

JK Marlow    jkm180218_0294

February    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

image of Sideroxylon lycioides

JK Marlow    jkm180218_0295

February    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

image of Sideroxylon lycioides

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_lycioides_2

March        

Bark scaling, grayish strips or plates revealing red-brown underneath, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides

JK Marlow    jkm110416_868

April    Etowah County    AL

Upper surfaces of mature leaf blades notably finely reticulate-veined (at 20x), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides

Ron Lance    rwl2167_a

June        

Inflorescence of 8-40 clustered flowers from short axillary spur shoots, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_lycioides_4

August        

Fruit an ellipsoid drupe-like berry 6-10mm long, subtended by persistent calyx, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.