Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Read more about Buckthorn Bumelia at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm180218_0295
February McCormick County SC
May be armed with spines at the nodes, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_s_lycioides_2
Bark scaling, grayish strips or plates revealing red-brown underneath, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.
JK Marlow jkm110416_868
April Etowah County AL
Leaves elliptic or weakly oblanceolate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.
Ron Lance rwl2167_a
Inflorescence of 8-40 clustered flowers from short axillary spur shoots, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_s_lycioides_4
Fruit an ellipsoid drupe-like berry 6-10mm long, subtended by persistent calyx, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.
JK Marlow jkm181030_5426
October McCormick County SC
Upper surfaces of mature leaf blades notably finely reticulate-veined (at 20x), per Weakley's Flora.
David Campbell mdc_s_lycioides_fruit
October Cabarrus County NC
Look for fruit to be mature in September-October, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC
Uncommon (rare in NC Piedmont)
Look for it in maritime forests, maritime scrub, river bluffs, swamp margins, usually in circumneutral soil (over shell hash, coquina limestone, marl, or limestone), in the Piedmont and Mountains in rich, mesic forests over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora
DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Has milky sap (latex)
IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
May be armed with nodal spines
Alternate or clustered on spur shoots
5 stamens & 5 staminodia, fused to corolla
Flowers in axillary clusters
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast p118
- Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide p316
- Trees of the Southeastern United States p223
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide p328