OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Yucca filamentosa   FAMILY Agavaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Yucca filamentosa   FAMILY Agavaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)

Yucca filamentosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America

Yucca filamentosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular flora of Illinois (Mohlenbrock, 2014)

Yucca smalliana

INCLUDED WITHIN Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)

Yucca filamentosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-12-003a:

Yucca filamentosa var. filamentosa   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Yucca concava

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Yucca filamentosa

 

COMMON NAME:
Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_yufi_001_lvd

        

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm0403e_17

March    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm200418_3924

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Plant with a very short trunk or the trunk absent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm200425_4307

April    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm200425_4318

April    Greenville County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Peduncle scapelike, 1-3m, per Flora of North America.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmy_glass2

May    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Flowers greenish-white, bell-like, growing on a woody central stalk. — Patrick McMillan

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm080629_004

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Fruit an erect capsule with flattened black seeds stacked like coins, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont (Spira, 2011).

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm080629_007

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Seeds flattened, black, 6-7mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm080629_040

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Ovary superior; stigmas lobed. Filaments shorter than pistil, per Flora of North America.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm080629_041

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Perianth globose; tepals distinct, nearly white, ovate, glabrous, per Flora of North America.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm201107_8113

November    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm211106_4785

November    Pickens County    SC

Palmetto Trail

Leaves in a rosette, firm, leaf margins fraying into filamentous threads, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989).

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm211106_4786

November    Pickens County    SC

Palmetto Trail

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

JK Marlow    jkm211106_4788

November    Pickens County    SC

Palmetto Trail

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmyfilamentosa_3

Month Unknown        

Leaves basal, spiky, rigid, in a rosette, with loose threads on the margins. — Patrick McMillan

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Yucca filamentosa   FAMILY Agavaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Yucca filamentosa   FAMILY Agavaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Yucca filamentosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Yucca filamentosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular flora of Illinois (Mohlenbrock, 2014)
Yucca smalliana

INCLUDED WITHIN Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Yucca filamentosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-12-003a:
Yucca filamentosa var. filamentosa   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Yucca concava

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Yucca filamentosa

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2039

Shrub
Perennial

Habitat: woodlands, forests, dunes, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Leaves spine-tipped

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Mostly basal rosette

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Creamy-white
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals, perianth globose to campanulate
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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