Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1956

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in NC), endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Look for it in wet savannas and adjacent ditches, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate & basal

FLOWER:
Spring
Rays: Yellow
Disc: Yellow
Disc flowers bisexual/ Ray flowers sterile (lacking pistil and style)
Disc flowers five-lobed; ray flowers three-lobed
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Helenium vernale   FAMILY Asteraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Helenium vernale   FAMILY Asteraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 179-75-005:
Helenium vernale   FAMILY Asteraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Helenium helenium

 

COMMON NAME:
Sneezeweed, Spring Helenium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_025

April    Turner County    GA

Heads 1(-3) per plant, usually borne singly, per Flora of North America.

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_025b

April    Turner County    GA

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_030b

April    Turner County    GA

Midstem leaves decurrent on stem, decurrency > 2cm, usually to next leaf down, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_081

April    Turner County    GA

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_086

April    Turner County    GA

Peduncles usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely hairy; cypselae glabrous, per Flora of North America.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE involucral bracts of DYCs with ray and disc flowers

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_088

April    Turner County    GA

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_089

April    Turner County    GA

Involucre of one series of linear bracts, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_091

April    Turner County    GA

Basal lvs usually repand or entire, lower part narrowed into a petiolate form, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_094

April    Turner County    GA

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_095

April    Turner County    GA

Flowering stem topped by 1 head of disk flowers surrounded by up to 40 rays, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm160415_148

April    Turner County    GA

Stems usually 1, usually unbranched distally, weakly winged, per Flora of North America.

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm0505r_27

May    Williamsburg County    SC

image of Helenium vernale

JK Marlow    jkm0505r_29

May    Williamsburg County    SC