Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


180

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Coastal Plain

Look for it in oak forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite or subopposite

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Yellow
Bisexual
Weakly bilaterally symmetrical
5-parted calyx
5-lobed campanulate corolla
4 included stamens (2 long, 2 short)
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Aureolaria levigata   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aureolaria laevigata   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 166-24-004:
Aureolaria laevigata   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Gerardia laevigata

 

COMMON NAME:
Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Aureolaria levigata, Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gela3_001_lvd

        

image of Aureolaria levigata, Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove

JK Marlow    jkm080802_064

August    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Inflorescence, pedicels and calyx glabrous; flowering Aug-Sep, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE False-foxglove species

image of Aureolaria levigata, Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove

JK Marlow    jkm120830_187

August    Henderson County    NC

Holmes Educational Forest

The stem is smooth and green; it is not glaucous, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Aureolaria levigata, Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove

JK Marlow    jkm120830_187c

August    Henderson County    NC

Holmes Educational Forest

Leaves narrowly lanceolate, 5-10cm long, 1-2.4cm wide, entire (or rarely lobed, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Aureolaria levigata, Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove

JK Marlow    jkm130922_483

September    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Aureolaria levigata, Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove

JK Marlow    jkm130922_483b

September    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Pedicels straight, stout (about 1 mm in diameter), 1-8mm long at anthesis, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Aureolaria levigata, Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove

JK Marlow    jkm130922_487

September    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Lower leaves entire to serrate (or a few shallow lobes at the leaf base, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Aureolaria levigata, Appalachian Oak-leach, Smooth False Foxglove, Entireleaf Yellow False Foxglove

JK Marlow    jkm121027_853

October    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Calyx lobes usually shorter than tube, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.